Susannah Kern or KernsAbt 1765/1766 - 1853 (~ 87 years)
Name Susannah Kern or Kerns Born Abt 1765/1766 of, Guilford, North Carolina, United States Gender Female Died 10 Apr 1853 , Wilkes, North Carolina, United States Buried Aft 10 Apr 1853 New Hope Cemetery, Parlears, Stanton Township, Wilkes, North Carolina, United States Person ID I3617 Petersen-de Lanskoy Last Modified 12 Jan 2015
Family John Eller, b. Abt 1769, of , Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. 1823, , Wilkes, North Carolina, United States (Age ~ 54 years) Married 5 Nov 1792 , Rowan, North Carolina, United States Last Modified 22 Oct 2015 Family ID F805 Group Sheet
1. According to James Hook in his book below, Susannah in the 1850 census is with her son Peter Eller in Wilkes Co., NC.
2. FHL Book 929.273EL54h "George Michael Eller and Descendants of His in America," compiled by James W. Hook, 1957, also on FHL film 896571, item 2, pp. 17-31, clarifies early North Carolina counties and land grant practices:
"Land grants in North Carolina originated with an entry application which was filed in the county where the land was situated and if not lost are now on file there. This was followed, sometimes soon and sometimes years later by an order from the land office for the tract to be surveyed. Sometimes soon and sometimes years later the survey was made and a surveyor's plat filed with the Secretary of State in Raleigh. Then came the grant which may have been issued reasonably near the date of the survey or sometimes several years later. These grants, orders to survey and the survey itself are on file now in the Secretary of State's office at Raleigh...
Many counties were formed from what originally was Rowan County, namely Surry and Guilford in 1770, Burke and Wilkes in 1777, Randolph in 1779, Iridell in 1788, Stokes in 1789, Buncomb in 1791, Ashe in1799, Davidson in 1822, Yancey in 1833, Davie in 1836 and Yadkin in 1850. Some of these counties were grandchildren of Rowan County; for instance Wilkes was taken partly from Burke and partly from Surry, Randolph from Guilford, Buncomb and Yancy form Burke, Ashe from Wilkes and Stokes and Yadkin from Surry. These facts must be kept in mind when tracing early Rowan County families."
1800 US: Ashe County, North Carolina. The total population for Ashe County, North Carolina in 1800 was 2785, including slaves. The 1800 Ashe County Census was the first for the northwestern most county in the Tar Heel State. This county was formed in late 1799 and included all of Wilkes County west of the crest of the Blue Ridge Mountain. The 977 square miles that then composed Ashe County has been further divided, first in 1849 to form Watauga County, North Carolina and again 10 years later to form Alleghany County. This record includes families who may have been living in those areas at the time. The original census was in rough alphabetic order, and this does not facilitate the research of particular communities. I include all interrelated families of this time and place to better show relationships. A word of explanation on some of these families:
A. Mary and Barbara Burkett who married Peter and David Graybeal, had a father named Christian - unsure as to which is correct of the two.
B. Elizabeth Eller appears to be Elizabeth Dick, the wife of Peter Eller who had just died per his probate of 1799.The one daughter is probably Mary; unsure who the two boys are since there should be three: Jacob, Henry, and George. John Eller would be Elizabeth's eldest son and married to Susannah Kerns.
C. Henry Graybeal would have recently married Celia Henson and also the eldest son of [John] Peter and Christina [Wampler] Graybill who also appear to be in this same census. Note that Peter evidently had owned slaves at that time - the census does not say how many.
D. One of the William Hensons could be somehow related to William Henson who marries Nancy Graybill and to Celia Henson who marries Henry Graybeal.
E. The two Koons are probably brothers and are sons of Devault Koon judging from their ages. This would make them uncles to George Koons who eventually marries Mary Eller.
F. James Lewis, b. abt. 1790, marries Christena Graybill in 1807 - there may be a connection with these two James Lewis.
G. William Pennington marries Barbara (or Elizabeth) Eller and may be the younger of the two here listed.
H. Michael Stucker is a misspelling for Michael and Catherine Eller Stoker with their three oldest children: Polly, David, and Elizabeth.
Head of Family; Males 0-9, 10-16, 16-26, 26-45, 45+; Females - 0-9, 10-16, 16-26, 26-45, 45+:
Burkett, Christian; 1-2-0-1-0; 1-0-2-0-0
Burkett, Christian; 4-1-0-1-0; 1-0-1-0-0
Eller, Elizabeth; 1-0-1-0-0; 0-0-1-0-1
Eller, John; 3-0-0-1-0; 1-0-0-1-0
Graybeal, Henry; 0-0-1-0-0; 2-0-1-0-0
Graybeal, Peter; 2-1-1-0-1; 3-1-0-0-1
Henson, William; 0-1-1-0-0; 2-0-1-0-0
Henson, William; 3-0-0-0-1; 1-1-1-0-0
Koons, George; 0-0-1-0-1; 0-0-0-0-1
Koons, John; 0-0-1-0-1; 0-1-2-0-1
Lewis, James; 2-2-1-0-1; 4-1-0-0-1
Lewis, James, Jr.; 1-0-1-0-0; 1-0-1-0-0
Pennington, William; 0-1-0-1-0; 1-2-1-0-1
Pennington, William; 0-0-1-0-0; 0-0-1-0-0
Stucker, Michael; 1-0-0-1-0; 2-0-0-1-0
1810 US: Ashe County, North Carolina; I include several related families in my database for this time and place. Some notes:
A. One of the two William Penningtons is married to an Eller - I assume it is the one with a younger wife.
B. One of the two Christian Burketts is probably the parent of Barbara and Mary who married Graybeal brothers.
C. James Lewis married Christina Graybill.
D. The older Peter Graybill would be John Peter and Christina Wampler Graybill. The other Peter and Henry would be their sons.
E. Adam Wilker could be Adam Welker, father of James Welker who later marries Elizabeth Stoker.
F. Surprisingly there is no Michael Stoker who should be there unless in adjoining county.
G. One of the two George Koons should be the George Koons of this database.
H. Not sure why two J. Ellers unless the transcriber inadvertently named the "J." as both Jacob when in fact the older one is John. Peter Eller would be a brother.
I. The older Peter Graybill would be John Peter Graybill, father of the other two Graybills: Henry and Peter [Jr.].
Head of Family; Males 0-9, 10-16, 16-26, 26-45, 45+; Females - 0-9, 10-16, 16-26, 26-45, 45+; Slaves:
Pennington, W. (William); 1-0-1-0-0; 2-0-1-0-0
Bourket C. (Christian); 2-2-2-0-1; 5-1-1-1-0
Wilker, A. (Adam); 0-1-2-0-1; 0-1-0-0-1
Graybill, H. (Henry); 3-0-0-1-0; 2-0-1-0-0
Lewis, J. (James); 1-0-1-0-0; 1-0-1-0-0
Graybill, P. (Peter); 0-1-0-1-0; 0-1-0-0-1
Graybeal, P. (Peter); 1-0-1-0-0; 1-0-1-0-0
Graybill, H.; 2-0-1-0-0; 3-0-0-1-0
Koons, G. (George); 2-0-0-1-0; 2-0-0-1-0
Pennington, W. (Wm); 2-0-1-0-0; 2-0-0-0-1
Eller, P. (Peter); 3-0-0-1-0; 2-0-0-1-0
Eller, J. (Jacob); 2-3-1-0-0; 2-0-0-1-0
Burket, C. (Christian); 4-1-0-0-1; 0-1-0-0-1
Koontz, G. (George); 1-0-0-1-0; 2-0-1-0-1; 3
Eller, J. (Jacob [John?]); 2-0-0-1-0; 1-0-1-0-0
1810 US (Variant): Carolina, Rowan, North Carolina, p. 14 of 33:
John Ellor Sen'r, males: 1-1-1-0-1, females: 2-2-0-0-1.
1820 US: Wilkes Co., NC, p. 29 of 57:
John Eller, males: 1@10-16, 1@16-18; 2@16-26, 1@45+; females: 1 under 10, 1@10-16, 1@16-26, 1@45+.
1850 US: Wilkes Co., North Carolina, p. 242 of 261, 13 Oct 1850, 1896/1896, nearby are the families of George Eller (39), Harvey Eller (31), John Eller (52), Absalom Eller (48), and perhaps others:
Peter Eller, 45, farmer, $1200, NC.
Fanny, 36, NC.
Martha, 18, NC.
Franklin, 15, NC.
Cleavland, 13, NC.
Henry, 11, NC.
Rufus, 7, NC.
John, 5, NC.
Susan Eller, 85, NC.
1. FHL book 929.273 P684pn: "Graybill/Stoker/Eller/Smith/Koons/Pitt Connections," by Norman E. 'Gene' Pitt, 1996, pp. 119-123: "John Eller, b. abt 1767/9, probably in Frederick Co., MD; d. 1823, Wilkes Co., NC; bur. in the Robert Cleveland Burial Ground abt a mile beyond the New Hope Cemetery on the road to Parsonsville (there is no marker on his grave); md. abt 5 Nov 1792, Rowan Co., NC to Susanna(h) Kern(s). She was b. abt 1765/6, possibly in Guilford Co., NC; d. 10 Apr 1853; bur. in New Hope Cemetery, Parlears (northwest of North Wilkesboro), NC. Evidently, they moved from Ashe Co., NC to Wilkes Co., NC in 1816. They appeared to be large landowners. Their children were Simeon, David, John Jr., Rachel, Absolom, Peter, Delilah Gazia and Mary 'Polly'."
2. FHL Book 929.273EL54h ina in 1823. He married, license issued in Rowan Co., NC, 5 Nov 1792, Susannah Kerns (Kern), who was born in 1765/66 and died, according to her gravestone in New Hope Cemetery, N.W. of North Wilkesboro, NC, 10 apr 1853, aged 87. Since her first child was named Simeon, it can be inferred that her father was of the same name and perhaps the Simeon Kern of Rowan Co., NC, mentioned in Vol. 3, No. 3, Nat'l. Gen. Society, pp. 14-22, and he, in turn, could have been related to Simon Kern of Frederick Co., MD found first in the records of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of that county 31 Oct 1746 when, with others, he was called one of the 'Brethren which built the church in the mountains and in the new town, Frederick Town' and his loyalty to the church attested to. (Pp. 489, 490 of the church records at the Maryland Hist. Society in Baltimore, MD.) Simon Kern m. 5 Apr 1749 Christina Hoffin (Hoffner) and recorded in the church records the birth of a son Johan Jacob on 27 Nov 1754 and of a dau. Marie Barbara on 28 Feb 1758. (Evangelical Lutheran Church Record, pp. 368, 38, 52.) Simon Kern died in 1761. His administration Bond shows that the adminstration of his estate was given 25 Aug. 1761 to jacob and Christian Hoover and Michael Romod and joseph Nardman as their sureties. (Admin. Accounts, Vol. 38, 1760-62, Hall of Records, Annapolis, MD.) Simon Kern may have been the Joh. Simon Kern, aged 25, who came from Germany to Pennslvania on the ship 'St. Andrew' and took his oath of allegiance 7 Oct 1743.
Later records of the German Reformed Church and the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Frederick County, MD, show other Kern (Karn) family records... [the book details extensively many other Kern records in Frederick Co.; however, he does not specifically link them to North Carolina or to Susannah Kerns.]
Family tradition says that Susannah Kerns, wife of John Eller, was born in Guilford County, NC on a farm located near the Guilford Courthouse battlefield, north of Greensboro but this writer could find no support for this in the records. He did find the will of one John Karn (sic) of Rowan County dated 26 Apr 1794 in which the testator mentioned his sisters Susanna, Esther, Mary and Ann and brothers Daniel and Peter. (Rowan Co., NC Wills.) It could be that this John Karn and his brothers and sisters were children of Simeon Kern of Rowan Co., NC, and that the Susanna mentioned in the will was the one who married John Eller but there is no proof.
There was one or more Kern (Kerns, Keehn) familes in Rowan County prior to 1800. Leonard Kern and Peter Keehn appear on the Rowan County, NC, list of taxables in 1759. ('The Rowan Story,' by James S. Brawley, p. 354.) A Rowan Co. deed dated 6 Feb 1762 shows Conrad Kern to be the attorney and heir of Conrad Michael. (Deed Book 7, p. 394.) Another deed in Rowan Co., dated 5 Feb 1777 shows Conrad Kern and John Kerns as being 'nephews of Conrad Michael, late of the German Empire.' (Deed Book 8, p. 550.)
The first record of John Eller found by this writer was his marriage license, issued in Rowan County, NC, 5 Nov 1792. The fact that it was issued in Rowan Co. indicates that his fiance, Susanna Kerns, was then a resident of that county. According to her gravestone in the New Hope Baptist Church burial ground located about six miles north and west of North Wilkesboro, NC near Rendevous Mountain, she died 10 April 1853, aged 87 years. This would make her birth year 1765 or 1766. Her husband John Eller was buried in the Robert Cleveland burial ground about a mile beyond on the road to Parsonsville. There is no marker at his grave. After the death of his wife plans were laid by his family to place his remains beside hers in the New Hope cemetery but old residents in the vicinity delare that this was never done.
John Eller doubtless lived with his father on Reedy Creek in Rowan County until the latter removed to his Rones Creek farm in what was then Wilkes but after 1799, Ashe Co. The surmise is that he was not living with his father when the 1790 census was taken and did not settle in or near his father's farm on Rones Creek until after his marriage. His first son Simeon was born in Wilkes Co. 7 Sep 1794 and on 27 Oct 1795 he witnessed the deed by which his father, Peter Eller, conveyed 200 acres of land on Rones Creek to Gabriel Barn. (Deed Book B-1, p. 466, Wilkes Co., NC) On 13 April 1795 he and Michael Stuckers (Stoker) helped to survey 70 acres of land on Rones Creek for Conrad Dick, his grandfather probably.
On 27 Dec 1797 fifty acres of land on the east bank of the south fork of New River at Johnson's Corner and running south up the river 20 poles to said Eller's old corner etc. was granted to John Eller (Grant No. 1528, Secy. of State's office, Raleigh, NC).
On 29 July 1799 Betsey and John Eller made application to the Court of Pleas of Wilkes County for Administration on the Estate of Peter Eller, deceased. They gave John Bowers and John Koons for security, these two being bound in the sum of 800 pounds and qualified as the law required. Betsey Eller, doubtless was the deceased's widow and mother of John Eller. Late in 1799 Ashe County was formed out of Wilkes County.
The 1800 Federal Census of Ashe County, NC shows John Eller, aged between 26 and 45 with wife of same age and with one female and two male children all under 10.
The 1810 census shows John Eller and wife each under 45 indicating that neither was born earlier than 1765 and with one male 16-26, three females 10-16, and two males under10.
The 1820 Federal Census of Wilkes County show John Eller and wife both over 45 with two males, aged between 18-26, one femal aged between 16-26, one male 16-18, one male 10-16, one female 10-16 and one female under 10.
If the above three censuses are correct then both John Eller and his wife Susannah were born between 1765 and 1774.
The land records of Ashe County reveal the following purchases and sales of land by John Eller; probably not a complete list.
29 Jan 1802 John Eller purchased 200 acres on Obids Creek from Joel Gibson paying 185 pounds for same. (Deed Book A, p. 213)
9 Mar 1802, John Eller sold this same land to David Hank receiving 300 pounds for same. (Deed Book B., p. 447.)
7 Aug 1804, John Eller sold to Christian Burkard 290 acres of land in Ashe Conty on Ha's Creek, a branch of the south fork of New River, recieving 500 dollars for same. (Book B, p. 177.)
11 Nov 1806, John Eller purchased from Alexander Smith about 250 acres of land on the 'North side of a ridge that divides the Silarey Branch form the River Branch' paying 200 dollars for same. (Deed Book D, p. 519.)
17 Sep 1816 and 11 Feb 1817 John Eller joined other heirs of Peter Eller, deceased, in selling land that formerly belonged to the said Peter Eller.
The home of John Eller in Ashe County, according to the writer's uncle, the late Reverend William H. Eller, was located on the east side of the south branch of New River where the bridge on the main road from North Wilkesboro to Jefferson now crosses. In his time there was no bridge but only a ford. The Eller domicile was about 100 yards east of the ford and for many years after the occupants vacated it, it was marked by an old stone chimney and the remains of an apple orchard that once belonged to the Eller farm.
John Eller, seeking relief from rheumatism, removed to the lower altitude of Wilkes County in 1816 when, on March 11 of that year, he purchased from Thomas Fletcher three parcels of land on the north fork of Lewis Fork Creek beginning at Col. Cleveland's old corner and running to a dividing line between Robert Cleveland and John Cleveland, then along several courses of Benjamin Cleveland's old line etc., one of said tracts adjoining the line of Nathaniel Vannoy's land, the three tracts together containing 451 acres. (Deed Book K, p. 267, Wilkes Co., NC) Here he lived until his death in 1823. He was buried in the family cemetery of Robert Cleveland on the road from Parlears to Parsonsville. His five sons also settled near by and this writer in October 1954, was shown their farms all located north west of Parlears, NC on the winding road to Parsonsville.
A precious momento of the John Eller household is the family bible in which is recorded the birth dates of all but the youngest child Mary of his family. It also records the birth of Simeon Bumgarner on 8 Jan 1808. It was printed in the German language at Halle, Germany in 1770. It may be the same Bible that George Michael Eller, John's grandfather, willed to his son Jacob because on page 17 is written the words 'Jacob Eller his Bible.' There is also written on page 15 of the Vorrede, or preface, the words 'The holey Bible of Peter Eller.' (See George Michael Eller's Will.) Of course these bits of writing, all in English, could have been placed there by later members of the family. The Bible is now owned by Mr. Wade Eller of Warrensville, Ashe County, NC, son of Jacob Eller (David, Jacob, Peter, George Michael). Regretfully it records nothing about John Eller or his wife. The Simeon Bumgardner whose birth on 8 Jan 1808 is recorded in the old Bible very probably was a son of a sister of John Eller who had married, probably, James Bumgarner. Proof of this however has nor been defintely established.
The children of John Eller and his wife Susannah Kerns were:
a. Simeon Eller, b. in what is now Ashe Co., NC, 8 Sep 1794; d. in Wilkes Co., NC, 19 Jun 1850. He m., license issued in Wilkes Co. 16 Apr 1817 Fanny McNiel, b. 12 Jan 1799; d. 4 Oct 1856. She was a dau. of James McNiel, ([grandfather] Rev George). Both lie buried in the New Hope Baptist Church yard on the road from Parlears to Parsonville in Wilkes Co. [The book has extensive biographies on the descendants of this couple.]
b. David Eller, b. 11 Apr 1796; d. 18 Mar 1870. He was twice married firstly, 18 Oct 1819, to Tabitha Judd, b. 27 Jun 1803; d. 27 Mar 1847; and secondly, 27 Feb 1848, to Mrs. Mary A. Lyons, b. 19 Dec 1822 whose children by her first husband were Alhora (Elvira) and David. He removed first, in 1828, to Wayne County, Indiana and from there, about 1838, or 1839, to Jefferson Co., Iowa where he lived as a farmer until his death. [The book has extensive biographies on the descendants of this couple.]
c. John Eller Jr., b. 17 Mar 1798; m., license issued in Wilkes Co., NC, 20 Apr 1820, Elizabeth Ray Vannoy, b. 29 Oct 1804; d. 24 Aug 1868. She was a dau. of Jesse Vannoy and his wife Mrs. Mary Shepherd, born Mary Kilby, dau. of William Kilby and his wife Mary Ann Todds. Family lived on Lewis Fork Creek in Wilkes Co., NC. [The book has extensive biographies on the descendants of this couple.]
d. Rachel Eller, b. 12 Apr 1800; d. 26 Dec 1850, (Bible record, gravestone says b. 20 Jan 1801) m. 22 Aug 1820, license dated 19 Aug 1820, in Wilkes Co., John McNiel, b. 30 Jan 1796; d. 21 Jan 1877. [The book has extensive biographies on the descendants of this couple and also of the McNiel family.]
e. Absalom Eller, b. 17 Feb 1803, d. 7 Feb 1879; m. 1 Mar 1824, license dated 28 Feb 1824 in Wilkes Co., Sally Reynolds, b. 16 Feb 1805; d. 6 Mar 1875. The farm of Absolom and Sally Eller was located on Parlears Creek, Wilkes Co. NC. [The book has extensive biographies on the descendants of this couple.]
f. Peter Eller, b. 17 Mar 1805; d. 7 Nov 1872; m. 1st Fanny Yates. She was a dau. of John Yates and his wife Elizabeth Cleveland, the latter b. 15 Jul 1783, dau. of Robert Cleveland. He m. 2nd, 16 Nov 1863, Louisa Church, b. 1835/6. Peter Eller was a prominent man in early Wilkes County. He served two terms in the NC Legislature and was a member of the NC Constitutional Assembly. He and his brother Simeon established the old Academy in Wilkesboro, one fo the first schools of higher education in Western North Carolina. He was chosen Colonel of the Wilkes Co. Militia and served in that capacity for many years. His brother Simeon was chosen Captain at the same time. He was a member and chairman of the first board of superintendents of free public schools in Wilkes county. He was a brilliant student and interested in all public affairs particularly those pertaining to public schools. Susan (Susanna) Eller, aged 85, his mother doubless, was living with him in 1850, acording to the Federal Census of that year. [The book has extensive biographies on the descendants of this couple.]
g. Delilah Gazia Eller, b. 15 Feb 1808; m. 30 Oct 1829, Richard Saunders. [Children follow in the book.]
h. Mary (called Polly) Eller, b. 1810; m. Alexander Church, a Baptist Minister. [The book has biographies on the descendants of this couple.]"
3. Ancestry.com's "The Kern Family of Rowan County, NC, Nicholas, KY, Indiana, Iowa," pp. 11-12:
"We do not know when John (written Johann on one deed) came to this country. Though ship lists show numerous John Kerns arriving, we cannot peg one as this John. It is assumed John came later than Conrad since his name did not appear in Conrad Michel's will, Sept. 18, 1764, when he turned his affairs over to Conrad Kern. John may have been younger than Conrad, also, since he did not die until 1823. His will shows a wife, Catharine, and these Children: Peter, Daniel, Esther, Mary, Susanna (Book H). A son, John, Jr., died in 1794.
The daughter, Susanna Kern, married a John Eller and her tombstone in the New Hope Baptist Cemetery, Parlears, N.C., shows she was born 1765-1766. Records show John as being in Rowan as early as 1767 and as being on jury duty in 1772. We have found no record of his naturalization."
1. Ancestry.com's "North Carolina Marriage Collection, 1741-2004" for Rowan Co. shows John Eller and Suzana Kerns, md. 5 Nov 1792, per reel 20, p. 2949.
2. Ancestry.com's "The Kern Family of Rowan County, NC, Nicholas, KY, Indiana, Iowa," p. 13: "Records show a Gabriel Kern as bondsman at the marriage of Susanna Kern (daughter of John Kern) to John Eller, Nov. 5, 1792."
1. From online "Eller Chronicles," website http://freepages.family.rootsweb.com/~adelr/may92/may92p2.htm: "WILKES County CEMETERY Records, Compiled by George F. McNeil and Joyce McNeil, Route 3, Box 27, Wilkesboro, NC 28697. For the past three years, and I have indulged our strange hobby of locating old cemeteries in Wilkes County (NC) and recording information inscribed on the tombstones. So far, we have found 576 cemeteries in Wilkes County, and have data from more than 36,000 tombstones in our automated database. This includes the cemeteries at all the churches in the county, and many family cemeteries, some of which have been abandoned for many years. We have not recorded information from tombstones in Mountlawn Memorial Park, the large commercial cemetery in North Wilkesboro. It was started in the 1930's, so no real old information would be there. Many Eller entries but only these two are in my database:
Cleveland-Yates Family Cemetery in Stanton Township: John Eller, b. ca 1765/66, d.1823; Parents: Peter Eller and Elizabeth Dick; wife: Susannah Kern md. 5 Nov 1792 (Sources: public records and word of mouth.)
New Hope Baptist Church, Stanton Township: Susannah Eller, row 22, lot 9.0, tombstone: d. 10 Apr 1853 age 87 years, husband: John Eller.
2. Per James Hook as quoted above: "The first record of John Eller found by this writer was his marriage license, issued in Rowan County, NC, 5 Nov 1792. The fact that it was issued in Rowan Co. indicates that his fiance, Susanna Kerns, was then a resident of that county. According to her gravestone in the New Hope Baptist Church burial ground located about six miles north and west of North Wilkesboro, NC near Rendevous Mountain, she died 10 April 1853, aged 87 years. This would make her birth year 1765 or 1766. Her husband John Eller was buried in the Robert Cleveland burial ground about a mile beyond on the road to Parsonsville. There is no marker at his grave. After the death of his wife plans were laid by his family to place his remains beside hers in the New Hope cemetery but old residents in the vicinity delare that this was never done."