Thomas Bancroft

Male Abt 1625 - 1684  (~ 59 years)


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  • Name Thomas Bancroft 
    Born Abt 1625  of Chellaston, Derbyshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 14 Dec 1684  Enfield, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I1983  Petersen-de Lanskoy
    Last Modified 21 Jan 2014 

    Father John Bancroft,   b. Abt 1593, of, Derby, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1637, Lynn, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 44 years) 
    Mother Jane,   d. Aft 1638 
    Married , , England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F353  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Margaret Wright,   b. 1634, , , England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. , , , United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 8 Dec 1653  Springfield, Middlesex (now Hampden), Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Lydia or Liddia Bancroft,   b. 6 May 1655, Enfield, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jul 1665, Enfield, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 10 years)
     2. Margaret Bancroft,   b. 16 Nov 1656, Enfield, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Feb 1703/1704  (Age 47 years)
     3. Anna Bancroft,   b. 1 Oct 1658, Enfield, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 30 Jun 1659, Enfield, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 0 years)
     4. Thomas Bancroft,   b. 21 Feb 1660, Enfield, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1703/1704, of Cape May, Cape May, New Jersey, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 45 years)
     5. Anna Bancroft,   b. 5 May 1663, Enfield, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Mar 1733, Westfield, Hampshire (now Hampden), Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)
     6. Julia Bancroft,   b. 1666, Enfield, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jul 1666, Enfield, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
     7. Samuel Bancroft,   b. 25 Jan 1667, Enfield, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Nov 1742, of Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years)
     8. Ruth Bancroft,   b. 29 Aug 1670, Westfield, Hampshire (now Hampden) , Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1714, Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years)
    Last Modified 22 Oct 2015 
    Family ID F1074  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Hannah Gardner,   b. Abt 1647, of Wethersfield, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1711, of Springfield, Hampshire (now Hampden), Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 64 years) 
    Married 22 Nov 1676  Hadley, Hampshire, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. John Bancroft,   d. 26 Feb 1684, Enfield, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location
    +2. Rebecca or Rebeckah Bancroft,   b. 23 Feb 1680/1681, Springfield, Hampshire (now Hampden), Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 2 May 1736, of Suffield, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 55 years)
     3. Nathaniel Bancroft,   b. 24 Oct 1683, of Enfield, Hartford, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. From 3 Dec 1752 to 20 Jan 1753, Springfield, Hampshire (now Hampden), Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)
    Last Modified 22 Oct 2015 
    Family ID F980  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • RESEARCH_NOTES:
      1. Today's Hampden County of Massachusetts was originally Middlesex County until it was split off in 1662 and named Hampshire County. Hampden County was formed from Hampshire County in 1812. At the time of these early Bancrofts, Enfield, now in Conn., was then part of Springfield, Mass. The border between Massachusetts and Connecticut fluctuated.

      2. It is very important to note that there were two Thomas Bancrofts early in New England. These Thomases our generally confused by most individuals copying others and then posting their "research" on the Internet. A lot of the confusion is also shown in published secondary sources.
      Our Thomas ended up in Connecticut and was married to Margaret Wright and Hannah Gardner. He was the son of John Bancroft the emigrant and his wife (named Jane but not proven). He should not be confused with the Thomas Bancroft who came to America in 1640. Both Thomases are documented and they did not cross paths nor share the same father.
      Our Thomas died and was buried in Enfield, CT 14 Dec 1684.
      The other Thomas is currently presumed to be a possible descendant of Ralph Bancroft of England who is in turn presumed to be the brother of John Bancroft the Immigrant (making Ralph the uncle of our Thomas and both Thomases as first cousins).
      The other Thomas is included in my database for clarity. See his notes for more detail, but a quick synopsis shows he married (1) Jan. 31, 1647, at Dedham, Mass., Alice, d. of Michael Bacon, of Ireland. She soon died, leaving one son, Thomas. He m. (2) Sept. 15, 1648, at Dedham, Elizabeth, d. of Michael and Sarah Metcalf, who came from Norwich, England, on account of religious persecution in 1637; she was b. Oct. 4, 1626, d. May 1, 171l. Removed to Reading 1650; was a freeman in 1678. Was a lieutenant. Died at Reading 1650; 'Here Lyeth ye Body of Lieut. Thomas Bancroft, Aged 69 years, Deceased ye 19th of August, 1691'. His tombstone exists in modern Wakefield (previously Reading).

      3. Henry R. Stiles, "The History and Genealogies of Ancient Windsor, Connecticut," 1892, v. 2, p. 41:
      "John Bancroft came in the 'James' from London, Eng., Apr. 1632; arrived 12 Jun (8 weeks passage); res. Lynn Mass.; d. 1637; 'Col. Rec. Mass.,' 3 Sep 1633; 'Winthrop's Journal,' 12 Sep 1663; 'Hubbard's Hist. New Engl.,' p. 156. His wid. Jane received 100 acres of land at Lynn, 1638. Nov. 19, 1644, Jona. Strattan and Thos. Talmadge, Jr., of Southampton, Long Island (a settlement emanating from Lynn), petitioned for the peaceable settlement of the lot betwixt them, 'which formerly was gr. unto Widd. Bancroft,' which was consented to. Tradition in the Bancroft family says she m. (2) a man who removed with her and her children to Connecticut. "Savage' mentions ch. John and Thomas.
      Children (born England):
      A. Anna, m. 13 May 1647, John Griffin; sett. Simsbury; 10 children.
      B. John.
      C. Thomas.
      D. Samuel.
      E. William (acc. to 'Hinman,' for which we find no authority.)
      Thomas Bancroft, poet (a native of Swarkstone, on the Trent, Derbyshire, where his parents were buried and who produced a vol. of epigrams and epitaphs, 1639, London, Eng.) says of his brother John Bancroft:
      'You sold your land the lighter hence to go
      To foreign coasts, yet (Fate would have it so)
      Did ne'er New England reach, but went with them
      That journery toward New Jerusalem.'
      Tradition speaks of a sojourn on Long Island and the death there of one of the three brothers; that one then went to Mass. and one to Connecticut."

      4. Henry R. Stiles, "The History and Genealogies of Ancient Windsor, Connecticut," 1892, v. 2, p. 41:
      "Thomas Bancroft (son of John), at Springfield, Mass., 8 Dec 1653; in 1654 res. there at 'lower wharf,' now Thompsonville (Enfield), Conn., as see 'S. Rec. of Possessions.' His cattle-mark was 'ye top of both ears cut off and a little piece cut out of ye off eare.' He m. (1) Margaret (dau. Samuel) Wright of S., 8 Dec 1653; m. (2) ___ (John M. Bancroft [the author's source for much on the Bancrofts] thinks that the Hannah (dau. Samuel) Gardner of Hadley, who (acc. to Boltwood's 'History Hadley,' p. 497) m. Nathaniel Bancroft, 1675, really m. this Thomas Bancroft, and was the 2d wife, who m. (2) John Barber.) He was a farmer; while at Westfield a selectman; (see his affidavit in regard to his bro.-in-law, John Griffen, p. 477, Vol. I.); in 1668 he was at Westfield; sold farm there in 1680, Mar 20; returned to Enfield, where he d. 14 Dec 1684; will dated in Nov. of that year and upon rec. at S.; gave son Thomas, Jr., 15 acres of land on S. side of Woxonoak river, belonging to Springfield; to sons Samuel, John, and Nath'l, equal shares at Enfield; ₤7 each to daughters Anne and Rebecca; house, etc. to his loving wife. The will, being unsigned, could not be estab., and estate was not settled until 3 Feb 1703/4, before which time the widow had m. (2) John Barber of S.
      Children (b. probably at Enfield), the first seven by 1st wife:
      A. Lydia, b. 6, 2d mo., 1655.
      B. Margaret, b. 16, 8 mo. 1656; d. probably unmarried 3 Feb 1703/4.
      C. Anna, b. 1, 7 mo., 1658; bu. 30, 6 mo., 1659.
      D. Thomas, b. 21, 11 mo., 1659; was living at time of father's death, and (presumably) at the sett. of his estate, 1703-4, when he is thus mentioned; to the eld. s., Thomas B., Jr., or to his issue, a double portion, ₤10.12.4.' From 'North. Rec.': 'Nath'l Edwards and Thos. Shelding of N., for securing (Thos. Bancroft) an offender, a day and a night, was allowed 3d, apiece, and Isiah Shelding one shilling on sd. allowance, as Sam'll Strong for his mare to Westfield to apprehend ye sd. Bancroft, as also pd. to John Taylor, who went to Windsor after said Bancroft - to be pd. as aforesaid.' Among others, he was an early settler at Cape May, N.J., and had located or purchased a lot there prior to 1700 - Beasley's 'Early History Cape May Co., N.J.' Samuel B. (presumably his son) m. Margaret Miller at Easthampton, Long Island, 1717; had one or more ch. there; soon after, was at Cape May; and abt. 1750 d., leaving wid. Margaret and numerous ch., from whom desc. can be traced to present day. Prob. Thomas Jr. was a seafaring man.
      E. Anna, b. 5 May 1663; m. James Sexton; was living 1703-4.
      F. Lydia, b. 6, 2 mo., 1665.
      G. Julia, 'dau. Thos. and Marg't B.,' d. 30 Jul 1666. - 'Springfield Rec.'
      H. Samuel (Lieut.), b. 25 Jan 1667.
      I. Ruth, b. 29 Aug 1670, at Westfield; m. John Stiles of W., and, after being a mother 13 times (twice with twins), d. in childbirth, 1714. 'Pres. Stiles's MS,' says, 'being left an orphan at an early age, was given to Mr. Fowler of Westfield, to bring up; when of age she lived with Rev. Mr. Glover of Springfield, and was in the fortified house when it was besieged by Indians, 1675.' This does not say she was of age when living in the fort-house. Rev. Peletiah Glover sett. as S. 1661, and d. there 29 Mar 1692.
      J. John, d. Enfield, 26 Feb 1684; mentioned in father's will.
      K. Rebecca, b. Enf., 23 Feb 1680; m. ___ Gillett.
      L. Nathaniel, b. 24 Oct 1683; m. Ruth Haile; res. W. Springfield; desc. in Granville, Mass., and Ohio."
      [Note: Stiles's book from which the above was taken does not have entires for Metcalf, Bacon, Pool, Gardner, Miller, Haile (or Heald), or Gilbert.)

      5. Pedigree formulated from the research work of J. Henry Lea, Esq., in the English probate records (note he indicates additional work should be done to look at the parish records - something he had not done - to confirm this proposed pedigree). See notes with direct line Bancroft English-born males for full quote of Mr. Lea's research on which he based this pedigree:
      1. ___ Bancroft, of Chellaston, Barrow, or Swarkeston, Co. Derby? Md. ___ ___, relict, living in 1557 and legatee of lands in Barrow by will of her son Ralph, of Chellaston, Derby, dated 21 Apr 1557.
      2. Ralph Bancroft of Chellaston, co. Derby; will dated 21 Apr, probated 13 Sep 1557; bur. at Chellaston: md. (2) Alice (dau. of Christopher Wright; liv. and ex., 1557). First wife, dec'd before 1557 and bur. at Chellaston.
      2. Jane and other daus. (2 or 3), who married Thos. Ryvett, Wm. Wandyll, and ___ Alderman.
      2. John Bancroft, of Chellaston; son of above, married Margaret Hollingsworth (or Haryngworth); will dated May 11, 1556; proved at Lichfield, 24 Jan 1557, and inventoried 18 Sep 1557. Will refers to "my boys under 21. To my oldest son (Ralph) the Hall I now dwell in; to my second son the over house; to my third son part of the land in Swarston (Swarkeston), he paying his fourth brother xv li."
      3. Ralph Bancroft, liv. 1611, and admr. of his bro. William (Qu. - if of So. Cave, Yorks., and adm. 12 Feb 1616, to relict Alice.); md. Alice ___. By process of elimination, most likely candidate for father of Thomas Bancroft (see Henry Lea's rationale for this).
      4. Thomas Bancroft of Swarkeston, yeoman; will dated 13 Oct 1626; probated at Lichfield 11 Oct 1627; bur. at Swarkeston; md. Rebecca ___, liv. 1627, but bur. at Swarkeston before 1639.
      5. John Bancroft, eldest son, was of Swarkeston 1627; come to NE. in the "James," 12 Apr 1632; d. 1637; md. Jane ___, widow and had grant of 100 ac. of land in 1638, removed to Southhampton, L.I., and after to Windsor, Ct., was dec'd in 1644 when her land was divided between Jona. Stratton and Thos. Talmadge, Jr.; she had prob. mar. a second time.
      6. Anne Bancroft, m. 13 May 1647 to John Griffin of Windsor, CT.
      6. John Bancroft of Windsor, CT; md. 3 Dec 1650 Hannah Dupper; she md. 2d to John Ludlam.
      6. Thomas Bancroft of Enfield, CT.
      6. Samuel Bancroft. (According to Hinman.)
      6. William Bancroft. (According to Hinman.)
      5. Ralph Bancroft, second son; legatee of lands in Swarkeston, in 1627. The other Thomas who was born 1621 and died 1691 in Lynn, Mass., may have been the son of this Ralph.
      5. Thomas Bancroft, 3rd son; poet, author in 1639; of Bradley, near Ashbourne, Derby, 1649-1658; had issue.
      5. Dorothy. (Two daughters who married to John Errignton and Thomas Senior, but unsure as which daughter married which of the two men.)
      5. Elizabeth. (Two daughters who married to John Errignton and Thomas Senior, but unsure as which daughter married which of the two men.)
      3. William Bancroft of Chellaston, d. 1611; adm. 12 Apr to bro. Ralph; bur. 20 May 1611; wife's name unknown but dec'd before 1611.
      4. Thomas Bancroft, a minor in 1611.
      4. Catherine.
      4. Margaret.
      4. Mary.
      3. Thomas Bancroft of Chellaston, yeoman; will dated 16 mar 1628; probated 24 Jul 1629; wife is Dorothy, dau. of James Forman.
      4. William Bancroft, of Chellaston, yeoman; will dated 21 Jun 1649, probated 8 Jun 1650; no issue (Pembroke, 89.); md. dau. of Gilbert Newton.
      4. Elizabeth.
      4. Margaret.
      4. Catherine, md. ___ Newton.
      3. ___ Bancroft, a son; name unknown; liv. 1557.
      3. Margrett Bancroft, only daughter, liv. 1557.

      6. "New England History and Genealogy Register," v. 101, p. 285, Article: "Jonathan and Nathan Gillett Descendants":
      "Samuel Gillett (son of John, grandson of Jonathan), of Suffield, Conn., and Granville, Mass., born in Windsor, Conn., 16 Feb 1677/8. He was five years old when his mother married secondly, Captain George Norton of Suffield, the town that became the boy's home for most of his life. In the later years of his life he lived in Granville, across the line in southwest Mass., and died there 'in 1739, aged 60', but was buried in Suffield. (Northampton Probate Records give administration of estate 1934[typo?]) He married in Suffield, 22 Jan 1701/2 (int. 20 Dec 1701), Rebecca Bancroft (dau. of Thomas, g.dau. of John), born in Springfield, Mass. (part later Enfield, Conn.), 23 Feb 1680...
      [Her mother] Widow Jane Bancroft received 100 acres in Lynn in 1638. Her daughter Anna married 13 May 1647 Sergt. John Griffin, settled in Simsbury, Conn., had ten children and one of them, Sarah Griffin, married Elias Gillett (son of Nathan). Son Thomas Bancroft of Springfield, Mass. region, residence at the 'lower wharf,' now Enfield, Conn., was a selectman of Westfield; 8 Dec 1653 married Margaret Wright (dau. of Samuel) and their daughter Ruth Bancroft married John Stiles and had many Children; and daughter Rebecca married Samuel Gillett; and son Nathaniel had descendants in Granville, Mass. (and Ohio) and it was probably this connection that took Samuel Gillett from Suffield to Granville."

      7. "New England Historical and Genealogical Register," v. 24, p. 425, Notes and Queries:
      Bancroft: Herein are noted items in regard to the advent and settlement of persons by the name of Bancroft in New England.
      A. Thomas Bancroft married in Dedham, Mass., in 1647, Alice Bacon. 15 Sep 1648, Elizabeth Metcalf. He resided in Lynnfield (Reading), then a part of Lynn, Mass. Born 1622. Sons: Thomas, John, Ebenezer.
      B. John Bancroft resided at Windsor, Conn., 1645; m. 3 Dec 1650, Hannah Duper or Draper. He died 1662. Sons: John, Nathaniel, Ephraim.
      C. Thomas Bancroft, m. 8 Dec 1653, Margaret Wright, of (Westfield) Springfield, Mass. sons: Thomas, Samuel.
      To one of the above three families the lineage of most of those bearing the name on this continent can be traced. The proofs of the connection existing between these families are not so apparent."