Johan Michael Stocker or StokerAbt 1732 - 1819 (~ 87 years)
Name Johan Michael Stocker or Stoker Born Abt 1732 of , , Germany Gender Male Died 26 Mar 1819 Somerset, Perry, Ohio, United States Buried 29 Mar 1819 Evangelical Lutheran Cemetery, Somerset, Perry, Ohio, United States Person ID I1857 Petersen-de Lanskoy Last Modified 29 Aug 2014
Father Stocker or Stoker Family ID F81 Group Sheet
Family 1 Anna Barbara Romerin, b. Abt 1736, of Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. 19 Nov 1769, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States (Age ~ 33 years) Married Jul 1757 German Reformed Church, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States Children 1. Anna Barbara Stocker, b. 1 Apr 1758, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. 19 Nov 1760, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States (Age 2 years) 2. Maria Barbara Stocker, b. 1 Apr 1758, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. Bef 1769, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States (Age < 10 years) 3. Johanna Magdalena Stocker, b. 1 Jan 1760, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. Jun 1814, Hamilton Township, Franklin, Ohio, United States (Age 54 years) + 4. Michael Stoker or Stocker, b. 20 May 1762, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. Aft 27 Oct 1836, of, Caldwell, Missouri, United States (Age > 74 years) 5. Elisabetha Stocker, b. 26 Aug 1764, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. Bef 1769, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States (Age < 4 years) 6. Balthasar Stocker, b. 24 May 1767, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. Bef 1769, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States (Age < 1 years) 7. Maria Barbara Stocker, b. 11 Sep 1769, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. 11 Nov 1769, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States (Age 0 years) 8. Christina Stocker, b. 11 Sep 1769, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. Bef 1782, of Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States (Age < 12 years) Last Modified 20 Nov 2014 Family ID F82 Group Sheet
Family 2 Elizabeth Fah or Pfau, b. 15 Mar 1744, Basel, Baselland, Switzerland , d. 9 Oct 1777, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States (Age 33 years) Married 15 Feb 1769 Children 1. Johannes or John Stocker, b. 4 Jan 1772, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. 19 Apr 1846, Rushville, Fairfield, Ohio, United States (Age 74 years) 2. Maria Salome Stocker, b. 9 May 1773, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. Aft 1818 (Age > 46 years) 3. Maria Barbara Stocker, b. 23 Dec 1774, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. Aft 1818 (Age > 45 years) 4. Eva Margreth Stocker, b. 22 Jul 1776, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. 12 Sep 1777, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States (Age 1 years) 5. Stocker, b. 7 Oct 1777, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. 7 Oct 1777, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States (Age 0 years) Last Modified 20 Nov 2014 Family ID F999 Group Sheet
Family 3 Anna Maria Adams, b. Abt 1749, of Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. 11 Jul 1822, Somerset, Perry, Ohio, United States (Age ~ 73 years) Married 21 Jun 1778 Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States Children 1. Anna Margreth Stocker, b. 15 May 1779, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. Aft 1821 (Age > 43 years) 2. Maria Catherina Stoker, b. 4 Sep 1780, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. 5 Sep 1839, of Somerset, Perry, Ohio, United States (Age 59 years) 3. Georg Stocker, b. 13 Nov 1781, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. Bef 1790, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States (Age < 8 years) 4. Eva Catherina Stoker, b. 31 Jan 1784, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. Aft 1830, of, Perry, Ohio, United States (Age > 47 years) 5. Jacob Stocker, b. 22 May 1785, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. 12 Dec 1851, Circleville, Pickaway, Ohio, United States (Age 66 years) 6. Charlotta Stocker, b. 19 Feb 1788, Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States , d. 25 Nov 1877, of Somerset, Perry, Ohio, United States (Age 89 years) Last Modified 20 Nov 2014 Family ID F1000 Group Sheet
1. A biography of Margaret Judd (dau.-in-law) indicates Stoker family was of German descent. Judging from the naming practice of his children and that all the Church records of the children are in German, Michael was probably of German speaking ethnicity; however, where in Europe and who were his parents have not yet been determined. James Hook in his 1957 book as quoted below makes two good points:
a. All the early records of Frederick Co., Maryland only show one Stoker/Stocker family, that of Michael, except for one entry in the early 1780s where Michael and a James Stocker received reimbursement from the State Government. No one to date has comment on who James might be or why the reimbursement, but it may have something to do with the American Rev. War subject to further research. It almost appears, according to Hook's statement, that both Stockers were awarded the money in the same decree at the same time.
b. Hooks notes that he once thought that John Michael was, very likely, the son of Michael Stoker, aged 31, who came to Pennsylvania on the ship 'Brittania' with Margaret Stoker, aged 24, his wife probably, and took his oath of allegiance 21 Sep 1731 but dismissed the idea when he later learned that Michael and Margaret Stoker's son Michael died in 1771 in Macungie Twsp. of Northampton (now Lehigh Co.,) Pennsylvania, his will having been probated there, 25 Jan 1771, naming a wife Margaret and children Mary, Elizabeth, Catherine, Susannah and George. From my more recent research, I see some databases including Family Search.org's Ordinance Index and Ancestry.com continue to show this unlikely connection. The family they use to try to tie John Michael into generally follows this one as reported 6 Apr 2002 from the internet site Ancestry.com, database of Dianne Janis, email@example.com
and per ancestral file v.4.19:
Michael Stocker, b. 1700 at Lake Constance on the German Swiss Border, d. 1749 at Pennsylvania. Two locations noted for death as Hereford Twp., Lehigh, Pennsylvania and near Cooperstown, Berks, Pennsylvania. Married Anna Margaret ___ about 1721/1731 probably in Switzerland. She was b. about 1707 probably in Switzerland and d. 1775 in Northampton County, Pennsylvania. Their children:
1. Anna Marie Stocker, b. about 1728 at Bavaria, Germany; m. Peter Vies White.
2. Michael Stocker, b. 1730 at Bavaria, Germany and d. Jan 1771 at Macungie, Lehigh, Pennsylvania.
3. Adam Stocker, b. 15 Feb 1735/36 at Frederick, Frederick, Maryland; d. 24 Jun 1814 at Forks Twsp., Northampton, Pennsylvania; bur. at Forks Cemetery, Stockertown, Northampton, Pennsylvania per 6 Apr 2002 website <http://www.web-span.com/master/forks.htm>: "Stocker, Adam; 24 Jun 1814; age 78; plot OS-R16." Married Oct 1757, Maria Magdalena Beisel, b. 5 Mar 1741 at Milford Twsp., Bucks, Pennsylvania; d. 23 Jul 1805 at Forks Twsp., Northampton, PA; bur. at Forks Cemetery, Stockertown, Northampton, PA, 6 Apr 2002 website <http://www.web-span.com/master/forks.htm>: "Stocker, Maria M.; 23 Jul 1823; age 43; plot OS-R16."
4. Jacob Stocker, b. 1738 at Hereford, Berks, Pennsylvania; d. Aug 1782.
5. Nancy Catherine Stocker, b. 1743.
6. Andreas or Andrew Stocker, b. May 1746 at Hereford, Berks, PA; d. 1823 at Stockertown, Northampton Co., PA; bur. 1823 Forks Cemetery in Stockertown, Northampton County, PA; m. about 1772 at Northampton, PA, Julianna Maria Watner or Watuert., b. 1751 of Northampton, Pennsylvania; d. 1823 at Stockertown, Northampton, PA; bur 1823 Forks Cemetery, Stockertown, Northampton, PA. 6 Apr 2002 website <http://www.web-span.com/master/forks.htm>: "Stocker, Julianna; 0-0-1823; age 72; plot OS-R20." Same plot as her husband.
7. Henry Stocker, b. about 1748.
8. Eva Christine Stocker, b. 14 Nov 1749 at Moore Twsp., Berks, Pennsylvania; d. after 4 Jun 1777 at same place; bur. at Big Moore Church at same place; m. about 1770 at same place, John Walker, b. about 1745 at Moore Twsp., Berks, Pennsylvania.
2. A recently submitted Ordinance Index entry notes birth as 1731 at Bayern, Germany or Preussen; needs verification. From my own research, it appears most people in early Frederick were religious immigrants from Southern Germany.
3. All children are shown in LDS extracted Frederick, Frederick, Maryland church records per online Ordinance Index. Every child was christened in the Evangelical Lutheran Church except the youngest daughter Charlotta who was christened in the Evangelical Reformed Church. Last names shown all as Stocker except two as Stoker. Note that all the land deeds in Frederick County were with the surname Stoker. Each of the three wives are listed in the Church records but without any maiden names. John Michael Stoker's name shows as Michael in all cases except two which show as Joh. Michael. I show a 19th possible stillborn child that does not show in the Church records. Note that many early German names used John as a prename as in John Michael Stoker; however, the individual would generally only use the second name, i.e. Michael.
4. I have 19 total children; there should be a total of 18 children according to the John Michael Stoker Association newsletter of 17 Jun 1976 - I do not know their current position on the matter. (The John Michael Stoker Family Association, 631 South 11th East, SLC, Utah.) The difference in my database is a possible stillborn child as the fifth child to Michael and his second wife Elizabeth. The same Association notes only 7 survived to marry; however, I show at least 9 - subject to further verification and research.
5. FHL Book 929.273EL54h "George Michael Eller and Descendants of His in America," compiled by James W. Hook, 1957, also on FHL film 896571, item 2, pp. 159-171, in regards to the association of Ellers, Koons, Stoker, and Dick families: "The Koons Family of Randolph and Ashe Counties, North Carolina probably descended from Dewald Kuntz who came to Pennsylvania on the ship 'Phoenix' and took the Oath of Allegiance to the Province and State of Pennslvania 28 Aug 1750. (Penn. Archives, 2nd. series, Vol. 17.) According to an account of the family in the 'History of Henry County, Indiana,' p. 1163, by George Hazzard, 1906, Devault Koons, a native of Pennsylvania, married the widow Susan Dick, a native of Germany, whose husband died at sea while crossing to America. The account continues by naming three of their sons... The above account on the origin of the family is rendered doubtful, in one or two respects, by certain records found in the courthouse of Frederick, (Frederick Co.) Maryland. There we find a deed dated 21 Nov 1755 in which Devall Conce (sic) and his wife Margaret sold 70 acres of land on Grooses branch in Frederick Co. to Jacob Gallman. (Book E, p. 916) Another deed dated 2 Feb 1756 (Book E., p. 990) shows Devault Coons (sic) and Richard Kee leasing from Edward Matthias 100 acres of land on Abraham Creek at the foot of Kittocton Mountain called 'Davis Delight.' Still another deed dated 22 Aug 1770 (Book N, p. 305) shows Devalt Coons (sic) and Margaret his wife selling a lot in Sharpsburg to William Flick. The variation in the spelling of the name was due perhaps to the fact that the signatures were by marks making it necessary for the scriveners to write the name according to the way it sounded when spoken.
It could be said, of course, that the Dewald (Devault, Devall, Devalt) Kuntz (Koons, Conce, Coonce, Coons, Koontz) of Frederick Co., Md. was not the same as Devault (Davault) Koons of Hazzard's 'History of Henry Co., IN,' but when one notes that the Eller, Dick and Stoker families also lived in Frederick Co., MD contemporaneously with the Koons family and that members of all of these families later removed to the same county in North Carolina and intermarried and considering the uncommon name of Devault that appeared in both places, we can hardly escape believing that they were the same. This writer believes that the History of Hazzard errs in saying that Devault Koons the first, was a native of Pennsylvania, implying that he was born there and suggests that the Susan Dick account by Hazzard probably should have included the statement that she was Devault Koon's second wife or that her full name was Margaret Susan Dick, not just Susan Dick..."
6. The following is in the section about George Michael Eller, but it definitely has some bearing on Joh. Michael Stocker since it talks of the Lutheran Churches in Frederick, Maryland. Quoted from FHL Book 929.273EL54h "George Michael Eller and Descendants of His in America," compiled by James W. Hook, 1957, also on FHL film 896571, item 2, pp. 8-16: "The new church along with members of other sects who refused to join one of the three state religions, namely the Catholic, Evangelical Lutheran and German Reformed (Calvinists), that were given exclusive religious liberty by the treaty of Westphalia in 1648 which ended the 30 years' war, were notoriously persecuted and driven from place to place. In 1719 Peter Becker, one of the founder members of the German Baptist Brethren Church in Schwarzenau brought his church in Krefelt, Germany to Germantown, Pennsylvania. He was followed in 1729 by Alexander Mack who found going congregations at Wissahicton near Germantown, at Coventry in Chester Co. and at Conestoga some fifteen miles south of Lancaster, all in Pennsylvania. From these starting points the church spread to Conowego in York County and thence to Maryland including Pipe Creek in 1758 and Beaver Dam in 1762/3. The Pipe Creek Church, organized about 1758, was located, I believe, at Union Bridge in Carrol Co. about two miles northeast of the Eller farms. Beaver Dam Church, organized about 1762 was located, I believe, on Beaver Dam Creek and was still nearer to the Eller farms. The Annual Meeting of all Brethren Congregations in Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia were held at Pipe Creek in 1778, 1783, 1787, 1799, 1804, 1814, 1830 and 1867. (See 'History of the German Baptist Brethren' by Martin Grove Brumbaugh, 1890 and 'History of the Church of the Brethren in Maryland' by J. Maurice Henry, 1936.) The exceedingly sparse records of the Conestoga Church show the following adult baptisms of new members which are pertinent to this genealogy. First, on 24 Apr 1748, Adam Dick and his wife, Odilga. Second, on 29 Mar 1752, Daniel Seiler. Third, on 26 Aug 1753, George Eder and wife, her name not given. It is possible that George Eder was the same as George Michael Eller. Fourth, on 14 Apr 1754, Henry Eler (sic) and wife, her name not given (Ibid). Very likely he was the Henry Eller who with George Michael Eller later acquired land called Hammond Strife on the waters of Little Pipe Creek in Frederick Co., MD. The records of the Conestoga Church from the Sept. 1755 to the year 1763 have not been found. (Ibid)
One of the churches that served the Pipe Creek and Beaver Dam Brethren may have been on a 4 acre tract of land described as a part of 'Browns Delight,' that, on 8 Oct. 1765, was deeded to the 'Dutch Congregation of Pipe Creek' by John Grider, (Garber). This land was located on the Clemson branch of Sam's Creek in Frederick Co., about two and a half miles southeast of the farms of George Michael and Henry Eller. If these nearby churches had made records that were now extant they, doubtless, would show George Michael Eller and Henry Eller as members. Neither is shown in the records of the Evangelical Lutheran or the German Reformed Churches of Frederick Co., MD except for the marriage of Elizabeth, daughter of George Michael Eller who is recorded in the Evangelical Lutheran Church as having married Henrich Reb, 10 Jun 1777. Very probably Reb was a member of the church.
Both the Evangelical Lutheran and the German Reformed Churches were organized early in Frederick County. Simon Kern, Michael Hoffner, Philip Kuntz and others, 'who built the church in the mountains,' declared their loyalty and faith on 31 Oct 1746 'when the Swedish Pastor, Mr. Nasman, was here.' (Evangelical Lutheran Church Records, page 490 at Md. Hist. Soc., Baltimore.) Apparently this was not the Frederick Town Church because that church was not built until 1761. (Frederick Co. Deed Books B, p. 574 and F, pp. 535-536.) The Reformed German Church was built about 1747-48. Thomas Schley (b. 1712; d. 1789) who brought a party of Germans to Maryland about 1740-45 and served as their teacher, interpreter and friend, was a member of this church and its organist for many years. He was an educated man and translated the wills of deceased Germans for the county records. One of the wills which he translated was that of George Michael Eller..."
7. FHL Book 929.273, film 6005243, "John Jacob Eller and His Descendants with Other Pre-1800 Eller Immigrants to America," by the Eller Family Association, 1998, 817-297-1280, CHAPTER 1, concerning migration patterns in Colonial North Carolina and early pre-1800 immigrants:
"When the Ellers... arrived in Pennsylvania, they found all the productive land occupied, or available only at high prices. In the favored easterly sections, the cost of farms was almost prohibitive. Under these conditions the newly arrived German immigrants began to move southward, some stopping in Maryland, and some in the Shenandoah Valley. When word came of cheap and abundant land in North Carolina, particularly in Rowan County, that became the choice destination for a growing stream of German migrants who traveled south on the Great Wagon Road... [The Ellers' presumed path from their homeland was] German Palatinate - Rhine River - Rotterdam - England - Philadelphia - Montgomery County, Pennsylvania - Great Wagon Road - Crane Creek on the Yadkin River in Rowan County, North Carolina... Their arrival there began about 1745, the number increased markedly prior to 1760, and except for a decline during the French and Indian War, continued until the Revolutionary War. A large number of Scotch-Irish settlers had settled in Rowan County, and taken up the most fertile land prior to the arrival of the Germans. This left the land of less fertile soil to the east and southeast of Salisbury for the Germans."
"In colonial times two major travel routes entered North Carolina from the north. The Great Wagon Road began in Philadelphia, passed through the Shenandoah Valley, and entered the northern border of North Carolina. After crossing the Yadkin River at the 'Shallow Ford' west of Winston-Salem, North Carolina, the road continued south to Rowan County and beyond. This was the route taken by most of the Pennsylvania Germans who came to North Carolina."
"Another route known as the Trading Path began in tide-water Virginia at Petersburg and joined the Great Wagon Road at the Trading Ford on the Yadkin River only a few miles east of the present town of Salisbury, Rowan County, North Carolina… Until after the French and Indian War, which ended in 1761, the Indians, principally the Catawba and Cherokee tribes, were not far to the west of Salisbury."
"From the Trading Ford, the road continued southward into Cabarrus and Mecklenburg Counties and on into South Carolina. Situated strategically at the confluence of major travel and trading routes, Salisbury, founded in 1755, remained for decades the most western frontier town in North Carolina. Rowan County extended westward beyond the Appalachian Mountains to include the present state of Tennessee. This gave the distinction to Rowan County of being the largest ever in the United States. The trans-mountain region was destined to become the state of Tennessee in 1796, but first it was a part of the Cherokee Indian Nation, as was most of the mountain area of present western North Carolina… [It was] reported that settlers were coming from the north in hundreds of wagons, and in 1755 it was reported that 5,000 had crossed the James river in Virginia bound for Rowan County..."
"[During the French and Indian War of 1759-1760 which disrupted life in Rowan County, immigrant] Christian Eller [was] listed in a militia company in 1759 that was called up after an Indian attack near Salisbury. (Clark-1983, p. 851. Christian Eller listed on 'muster roll of Captain Morgan Bryan's Scouts.")…Three young Eller men from Rowan County fought in the Revolutionary War (John Melchior Eller, son of immigrant John Jacob Eller; John and Joseph Eller, other probable sons of immigrant John Jacob Eller.)…"
"North Carolina is unique among coastal states in that settlement did not spread from the coast, but from the north and south… Also, from South Carolina came new settlers who settled in the western part of the state [of North Carolina]… In the last 16 years of the Colonial Era… south bound traffic along the Great Wagon Road was numbered in the tens of thousands. It was the most heavily traveled road in all America… A significant number [of settlers] moved to the head waters of the Yadkin River, then crossed the Appalachians on the Boon Trail, to settle… in an area that was destined to become the northeastern corner of the state of Tennessee… Some descendants of immigrant Eller families of Rowan County were drawn toward the western frontier. Peter Eller, eldest son of George Michael Eller, moved to the headwaters of the Yadkin in time to acquire choice land in Wilkes (now Ashe) County, North Carolina. George Eller, eldest son of Christian Eller, moved to the southeastern corner of Virginia; and John Jacob Eller, Jr., eldest son of John Jacob Eller, crossed the mountains, perhaps as early as 1779, into the Holston Valley in the future state of Tennessee…"
"The Germans… usually left Pennsylvania just after fall harvest and made the journey down the Valley of Virginia in time to arrive in the fall, build their homes, and plant crops in the spring…"
8. Mentioned in the book "The Howard Leytham Stoker Von Dollen Family Histories," FHL 929.273 H833a, by Doris Lewis, 2017 So. 80th Ave., Omaha, Nebraska, 68124:
P. 85: "John Michael Stoker was born about 1732, but here or in Germany is not known. The Stokers did live in German communities here in America. There was a Johan Valentine Stoker and Johan Romer on the ship 'Winter Galley,' which sailed from Rotterdam to Philadelphia in 1737, and may have been part of our family group since the name of Romer appears in family baptisms. Offers of free land in Maryland in 1732 brought many Germans from Pennsylvania, and quite a group settled in Frederick County, Maryland, where we find Michael in 1750. Michael and James Stoker presented a bill to the Fredericktown Council for work they did. Michael was a saddlemaker by trade, but worked at farming as most pioneers. In Frederick County, Michael and his family joined the Evangelical Lutheran Church, where baptisms were recorded, originally in German. Herman Stoker of Burley, Idaho, is president of a group organized to trace records of John Michael Stoker, and much of this material comes from them. The will of John Michael Stoker was found in Perry County, Ohio and was written in 1818, when he was about 86 years old. [See quotation below with death information for will quotation.]" Children:
Wife (1) Anna Barbara, d. abt. 1769:
a. Anna Barbara, twins, died as infant.
b. Marie Barbara, b. 1 Apr 1748, died as infant.
c. Johanna Magdalene, b. Jan 1760.
d. Michael, b. 20 May, 1762, godparents were Michael Romer and Charlotte Amelia.
e. Elizabeth, b. 26 Aug 1764, died as an infant.
f. Balthasar, b. 24 May 1767, died as an infant.
g. Marie Barbara, twins, died as an infant.
h. Christina, b. 1769, died as an infant.
Wife (2) Elizabeth, b. 1744, d. 10 Oct 1777.
i. Johannes (John), b. 4 Jan 1772.
j. Marie Salome, b. 9 May 1773.
k. Marie Barbara, b. 23 Dec 1774.
l. Eve Margareth, b. 22 Jul, 1776.
Wife (3) Marie (Mary) Adams, d. 1822.
m. Anne Margareth (Mary), b. 15 May 1779.
n. Marie Catherina, b. 4 Sep 1780.
o. George, b. 13 Nov 1781.
p. Jacob, b. 22 May 1785.
q. Charlotte, b. 19 Feb 1788."
P. 87: Michael Stoker, the son of (John) Michael Stoker, was a 28 year old bachelor in Wilkes County, NC when the US census was taken in 1790. The farm which Michael Stoker bought from John Dick was on the north fork of New River in Ashe County. (The boundary line had been changed from Wilkes.) In 1792 Michael married Catherine Eller, the oldest daughter of Peter Eller and Elizabeth Dick. The Ellers and Dicks were settlers in this same area and all of Michael and Catherine's children, except Eller, were born and raised among numerous family members in North Carolina. In 1815, the family joined a migration of relatives moving west into Ohio. This party of Graybills and Stokers, all ages from babies to the elderly crossed the border into Ohio on Christmas Day, 1815. Michael and his son David, who had just turned 21, took part in the first election held in Jackson County on April 1, 1816. John Michael Stoker, Michael's father, settled in Perry County, Ohio, about 60 miles north. While in Ohio the Stokers became members of the newly organized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. In 1837 [error: Feb 1836?], Michael, Jr., who was now a man and a member of the Priesthood, baptized Eller's future wife and her mother, Margaret and Rhoda Judd. Pauline Stoker of Council Bluffs has Michael Jr.'s old notebook where he kept records of baptisms, birthdays and deaths. On October 27, 1836, Michael and Catherine Stoker sold their land in preparation of the move to Missouri where the Saints were gathering. Michael was then 74 and Catherine 63 years old. Great persecutions took place in Missouri during the next two years and the family had to flee to Illinois for safety. Michael was not among those who reached Illinois, and how or when he died is not known. Catherine was at Nauvoo, IL, when the Saints again had to flee in February of 1846. She settled in Pottawattamie County, living with her eldest daughter, Polly, where she died. She is buried in the Stoker-Graybill Cemetery east of Council Bluffs, Iowa."
9. FHL Book 929.273EL54h "George Michael Eller and Descendants of His in America," compiled by James W. Hook, 1957, also on FHL film 896571, item 2, pp. 88-97: "Michael Stoker, doubtless, was the son of Michael Stoker (Stocker) who settled in Frederick Co., Md. about the middle of the 18th century. No other family of the Stoker (Stocker) name was found by this writer in any of the early Frederick Co. records. The 18th century translated records of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Frederick, Md. established about 1746, show many Michael Stoker (Stocker) entries beginning with the birth, on 1 Apr 1758, of Anna Barbara, daughter of 'Mich. Stocker' and his wife 'Ana Barb.' On p. 552 of a copy of these church records, now in possession of the Maryland Historical Society in Baltimore, Maryland, will be found a recording of eight children of Michael Stocker, the youngest named George, born 13 Nov 1781. The first of these children was named Marie Barbara, born 1 Apr 1758. She doubtless was the same as or the twin of another daughter named Anna Barbara mentioned above as having been born on the same date. Another record shows, again, the birth of Marie Barbara, daughter of Michael Stocker born 1 Apr 1758; baptized 15 May 1758. Thus the church records contain three separate entries of the birth on 1 April 1758, of a daughter to Michael Stoker (Stocker) as follows:
a. 'On 1 Apr. 1758 to Mich. Stocker et uxori Ana Barbara a daughter Anna Barbara. Witnesses (to baptism) Marie Barbara filia coelebs Michael Roemers.' Filia Coelebs means unmarried daughter of.'
b. '1758, 1 April to Michael Stoker a daughter Marie Barbara, sponsored by Barbara Romerin, baptized 15 May 1758.'
c. '1758, 1 April to Michael Stocker a daughter Marie Barbara, sponsored by Barbara Romerin, baptized 15 May 1758.'
As already stated, page 552 of the church book records, on one single page, the birth of eight children to Michael Stocker the last child of whom, named George, was born 13 Nov 1781 and baptized 7 Jun 1782. The first seven of these recordings obviously were made in 1769, the 8th having been put there in 1782 as will be explained later. Preceding the names of the 1st, 4th, 5th and 6th and 7th Child, the symbol ϯ was added to show, doubtless, that the child was deceased when the record was made. The record, on page 552 of the church records, is as follows:
a. 1 April 1758, to Michael Stocker a child Marie Barbara; ϯ godmother, Barbara Romerin; baptized 15 May 1758.
b. 1 Jan 1760, to Michael Stocker, a child Johana Magdale, godparents, Heinrich Hanth (and wife) Magdalena. Date of baptism not stated. (Note by JWH - On page 454 of the church record is shown the marriage on 2 Nov 1784 'by license' of Johanna Magdalena Stockern and Johann Jost Stimmel, Michael Stocker, Peter Stimmel and John and Peter Schnog serving as witnesses.)
c. 20 May 1762, to Michael Stocker, a child Michael; godparents Michael Romer (and wife) Charlotte Amalia, (Amalis). Date of baptism not stated. (Note by JWH - This writer believes that this was the Michael Stocker who married Catherine Eller.
d. 26 Aug 1764, to Michael Stocker, a child, Elizabeth; ϯ godmother, Elizabeth Romerin. Date of baptism not stated.
e. 24 May 1767, to Michael Stocker, a child Balthasar; ϯ godparents, Balthsar Bock (and wife) Rosina. Date of baptism not stated.
f and g. 11 gbr 1769 (two children) to Michael Stocker, namely a child Marie Barbara; godparents, Johannes Haas (and wife) Mar. Barbara, and a child Christina; godmother, Christina Romerin, ledig, meaning unmarried. Baptized 19 gbr. 1769. (Note gbr is usually an abbreviation in German for born but in this case probably means November of possibly February.)
h. 13 Nov 1781, to Michael Stocker, a child, George; sponsor George Bens. Baptized 7 Jun 1782.
The above record of children of Michael Stocker, together with others shown below are interesting in two ways. First it will be noted that one of the sponsors in every case bore the same given name as the child. It was a custom in early German families to select as godmother or godfather of children being baptized the person for whom the child was named, usually a close relative and in some cases a respected friend. Second, as was shown by the first record quoted above and as will be shown by other records quoted below, Michael Stoker's wife as late as 24 March 1766 (Deed Record) was Barbara and as early as 12 April 1770 (Deed Record) was Elizabeth. That these two wives, Barbara and Elizabeth, were spouses of the same Michael Stocker is definitely established by the land records of Frederick County but, as the two next following church records show, Michael Stocker's full name was Joh. (John) Michael Stoker.
a. Page 564 of the translated church records at Maryland Hist. Soc. - Johannes, son of Joh. Michael and Elizabeth Stoker, b. 4 Jan 1772 and baptized 9 Feb 1772. (Note by JWH - p. 233 of the church records show that Johannes Stocker, aged 19, was confirmed on 22 Apr 1791. A translated record of the German Reformed Church of Frederick Co., Md., p. 196, found at the Gen. Soc. in SLC shows a child Marianna Stocker, was born to Johannes and Catherina Stocker 10 Aug 1809. Susan Kuntz (Frentz) was her godmother. A Catherina Stoker (sic) is mentioned as a dau. in the will of John Coons (sic) of Frederick Co., Md. dated 23 Dec. 1816 and proved 6 Mch. 1817. (Liber H.S, No. 2, p. 55, Frederick Co., Md. Wills.))
b. Page 591of the translated record of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Frederick, Md. at the Gen. Society of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at Salt Lake City - Marie Salome, dau. of Michael and Elizabeth Stocker b. 9 May 1773; bap. 27 June 1773. Her godparents were John Michel and Salome Alex (sic).
c. Page 617 of the translated record of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Frederick, Md. at Maryland Hist. Society [Baltimore] - Marie Barbara, dau. of Joh. Michael and Elizabeth Stoker, b. 23 Dec 1774; bapt. 16 Apr 1775. Her godparents were Johannes and Marie Barbara Hass.
d. Pages 638 and 1017 of the translated record of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Frederick, Md. at the Gen. Society of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at Salt Lake City - Eva Margreth, dau. of Michael and Elizabeth Stocker, b. 22 Jul 1776; bap. 10 Nov 1776. Her godparents were Jacob and Margreth Bens. This child died 12 Sept. 1777, aged 1 year.
One may wonder why these four children were not listed with other children of Michael Stoker on page 552 of the church record (supra). After mentioning seven additional, more or less pertinent, translate church records the reason for this, as this writer sees it will be explained.
a. Page 407of the translated record of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Frederick, Md. at Maryland Hist. Society, Baltimore, it is shown that Michael Stoker and Mary Adams were married, by license, 21 Jun 1778. The witnesses were Abraham Fah and his wife Juliana and Adam and Peter Schnock. Frederick Co. Marriage Records show that Michael Stoker and Mary A___, the spelling not complete, on 1 Jun 1778, were given a license to be married.
b. Page 209 [of the translated record of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Frederick, Md. at Maryland Hist. Society, Baltimore] shows that Michael Stoker born 24 May 1862 and Magdalena Stockern (sic) born 1 Jan 1760 were confirmed. These two were brother and sister, children of Michael and Barbara Stoker (Stocker), their birth dates in their confirmation checking substantially with those recorded on page 552 of the same translated church record.
c. Page 664 of the translated record of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Frederick, Md. at the Gen. Society of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at Salt Lake City shows that Anna Margareth, daughter of Michael and Anna Marie Stocker was born 15 May 1779 and baptized 24 July 1779. Her godparents were Adam and Anna Margareth Schnock.
d. Page 686 [of the translated record of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Frederick, Md. at the Gen. Society of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at Salt Lake City ] shows that Marie Catharina, daughter of Michael and Anna Maria Stocker was born 4 Sept. 1780.
e. Page 752 [of the translated record of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Frederick, Md. at the Gen. Society of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at Salt Lake City] shows that Jacob, son of Michael and Anna Maria Stocker, was born 22 May 1785. His sponsors at baptism were his parents.
f. Page 113 of the translated record of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Frederick, Md. at the Gen. Society of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at Salt Lake City, Utah, shows that Charlotte, daughter of Michael Stocker, was born 19 Feb 1788. Her mother's name was not given. Her godparents were Peter and Julia (Juliana) Schnock (Schnod).
g. Page 1017 of the translated record of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Frederick, Md. at the Gen. Society of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at Salt Lake City shows that Elizabeth, wife of Michael Stoker died 10 Oct 1777 at the age of 33 years.
It should be kept in mind that the only Stoker (Stocker) family found in the early church, land or court records of Frederick County, Maryland was one headed by Michael. The only suggestion of a Stoker of Stocker of another given name was the same Michael in the recordings of his children by his second wife, Elizabeth. In those recordings he was called Joh. Michael Stoker. Deed Records in Frederick Co., calling him a saddler in every case and showing his wife to have been Barbara in March 1766 and Elizabeth in April 1770 proves the two Michaels to have been the same person. The second wife, Elizabeth, died 10 Oct 1777 at the age of 33. On 21 Jun 1778 he married Mary (Marie) Adams as already shown.
This writer explains the one page record that is found of Michael Stoker's (Stocker) children in the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Frederick Co., Md. as follows. When his first two daughters (twins probably) were born he had them baptized or recorded as they were born. When his twins, Marie Barbara and Christina were born in 1769 he had them baptized and recorded and when this was being done he decided to record all of his other children, four of whom had not been recorded, naming their godparents from memory. This would account for all of these children appearing on one page where immediately prior entries were 1769 and immediate subsequent ones 1770.
When children of his second wife, Elizabeth, came he had them baptized and recorded. Apparently there were four of them, one named Johannes, b. 4 Jan 1772, another named Marie Salome, b. 9 May 1773, the third was Marie Barbara b. 23 Dec 1774 and the fourth Eva Margreth b. 22 Jul 1776 - d. 12 Sep 1777. Then on 10 Oct 1777 his wife, Elizabeth, aged 33, died and on 21 Jun 1778 he married Mary (Marie) Adams, his third wife.
The first child of the third marriage was Anna Margareth, b. 15 May 1779. She was baptized and recorded. The second child by this third marriage was Marie Catherina, born 4 Sep 1780 and bapt. 4 March (May) 1781. She probably died young. The fourth child was Georg b. 13 Nov 1781. This child was baptized 7 Jun 1782 and the baptism recorded not on the current page of the record book but squeezed in on the 1769/1770 page where other children of Michael Stoker (Stocker) had been recorded enmasse. Thus we have on the 1769/1770 page of the church book a record of eight children of Michael Stoker (Stocker) born between 1758 and 1782 appearing on that page with other children of his who were born after 1769 appearing on other pages. The fact that his son Georg was so recorded is pretty conclusive proof that all of the eight Stoker (Stocker) children on that one page had the same father. The symbol ϯ apparently was to indicate that the child was deceased and, doubtless, was inserted when the baptism of the son George was recorded.
Other entries in the church records show Michael Stocker (Stoker) and his wife, Anna Maria, had two other children, one named Jacob, b. 22 May 1785, and the other named Charlotte, b. 19 Feb 1788, making 17 children as follows:
By first wife Barbara:
1. Anna Barbara Stocker, b. 1 Apr 1758. She died young.
2. Marie Barbara Stocker, b. 1 Apr 1758, the same as or twin of [Anna Barbara]. She died young.
3. Johana Magdale Stocker, b. 1 Jan 1760.
4. Michael Stocker, Jr., b. 20 May 1762 (24 May 1762 or 24 Mar 1762).
5. Elizabeth Stocker, b. 26 Aug 1764. She died young.
6. Balthasar Stocker, b. 24 May 1767. He died young.
7. Marie Barbara Stocker, b. 11 ??? 1769. [Twin of Christina.] She died young.
8. Christina Stocker, b. 11 ??? 1769. Twin of [Marie Barbara]. She died young.
By second wife Elizabeth:
9. Johannes Stocker, b. 4 Jan 1772.
10. Marie Solome Stocker, b. 9 May 1773.
11. Marie Barbara Stocker, b. 25 Dec 1774.
12. Eva Margreth Stocker, b. 22 Jul 1776, d. 12 Sep 1777.
By third wife Anna Marie Adams:
13. Anna Margareth Stocker, b. 15 May 1779.
14. Marie Catherina Stocker, b. 4 Sep 1780.
15. George Stocker, b. 13 Nov. 1781, bapt. 2 Jun 1782.
16. Jacob Stocker, b. 22 May 1785.
17. Charlotte Stocker, b. 19 Feb 1788.
[Note: James Hook totally missed one child, Eva Catherina, who was born between George and Jacob; see her notes for church record documentation.]
The church records also show that Michael Stocker witnessed a goodly number of baptisms and marriages. One marriage, 'by license in Virginia,' which he and George Schaeffer witnessed, on 20/21 Apr. 1788, was that of Christopher Schaeffer and Elizabeth Adams, she, perhaps, a sister of his third wife. (Page 309 [of church record].) Michael Stoker attended communion service on 18 Oct 1778, 13 May 1779, 14 May 1780, 19 May 1782, 8 Jun 1783, 30 Jun 1784, 4 Jun 1786, 27 May 1787, 7 Oct 1787, and 24 Apr 1791. On 30 Jun 1784 and 4 Jun 1786 he was accompanied by his 'filia', meaning his daughter. A Michael Stocher (sic) attended services 23 Oct 1803 and 2 Jun 1805. After the latter date he was not found again in the records.
The spelling of the name in the church records varied frequently between Stoker and Stocker but in deeds mentioned herein, it was spelled Stoker. He obviously was a German but from whence in Germany he or his parents came was not discovered. This writer once thought that he was, very likely, the son of Michael Stoker, aged 31, who came to Pennsylvania on the ship 'Brittania' with Margaret Stoker, aged 24, his wife probably, and took his oath of allegiance 21 Sep 1731 but dismissed the idea when he later learned that Michael and Margaret Stoker's son Michael died in 1771 in Macungie Twsp. of Northampton (now Lehigh Co.) Pennsylvania, his will having been probated there, 25 Jan 1771, naming a wife Margaret and children Mary, Elizabeth, Catherine, Susannah and George.
Michael Stoker of Frederick Co, MD is first found in the records of that county on 1 Apr 1758 when the birth dates of his daughters Ann Barbara and Marie Barbara (they may have been the same Child) were recorded in the Evangelical Lutheran Church at Frederick, MD. On 14 May 1760 he purchased from Ballis Paugh lot no. 118 in Fredericktown, Frederick Co., MD. (Deed Book F, p. 985.) In that deed he is called a sadler. Another Frederick Co. deed dated 24 Mar 1766, 'Michael Stoker, sadler,' his wife Barbara relinquishing her dower, sold this same lot in Frederick Town to John Hoffman. (Deed Book K, p. 432.) On 30 Aug 1768, 'Michael Stoker, sadler' purchased from Henry Brunner lot no. 83 and a half interest in lot No. 80 located in Frederick Town. (Deed Book L, pp. 473-475.) This deed was corrected on 24 Dec 1772 to read lot 82 rather than lot 83. (Deed Book P. p. 530.) [Kerry's note: See additional detail on the 1768 purchase in a separate note below. Also per the copy of the publication "In and Out of Frederick Town, Colonial Occupations," by Amy Lee Huffman Reed and Marie LaForge Burns (copy on file with the Frederick Historical Society in Frederick, Maryland), which has a plat map of Frederick Town showing the lots noted in these transactions. Lot 118 is on the north side of Second Street and 8 lots going west from Market Street or two lots from the alley between lots 115 and 116. Lots 80 and 82 are also in the center of modern day Frederick on the south side of the same Second Street . Lot 82 is the corner lot adjoining Market Street and lot 80 is the third lot from the same corner heading west along Second Street. (about a block away from the Historical Society Building).]
Sometime near the date of the last purchase his first wife Barbara apparently died because on 12 Apr 1770 'Michael Stoker, sadler,' his wife Elizabeth relinquishing her dower, sold to Henry Brunner, a five foot strip off of the lot purchased from said Brunner 30 Aug 1768. (Deed book N, p. 90.) On 7 Nov 1774 'Michael Stoker,' his wife Elizabeth relinquishing her dower, conveyed to Samuel Miller a part of lot no. 82 that he had acquired from Henry Brunner, 30 Aug 1768, when his wife doubtless was Barbara. (Deed Book L, p. 473-475 and Deed Book w, p. 235.) On 19 Nov 1778 'Michael Stoker farmer,' his wife Mary relinquishing her dower, sold another part on lot No. 82 to Philip Shade, (Deed Book RP1, p. 519.) These deeds relating to Lot No. 82 first when his wife, doubtless was Barbara, second when his wife, certainly was Elizabeth and third when his wife, certainly, was Mary (Marie) are conclusive proof that it was the same Michael Stoker who married these three wives.
The Archives of Maryland, Vol. XLVIII shows orders in Council on 30 Nov. 1781 to pay certain sums of money to Michael and James Stocker. On 14 Mar 1783 other orders were given to pay Michael Stoker 17 pounds, 17 shillings and 1 pence.
[The son] Michael Stockerd (Stoker) is shown in the 1790 census of Wilkes County, Morgan District as being over 16 [possible Hook error] years of age but with no other person listed in his family. Morgan District later (1799) became Ashe County and was the same District where Peter Eller, John Koons and Conrad Dick lived. His farm was on the North Fork of New River in Ashe Co. He married Catherine Eller about 1791/92 and on 29 Dec 1792 purchased of John Dick 100 acres of land on Naked Creek in Ashe Co. which creek flows from the west into the south fork of New River. Ames Bunyard was a witness. (Book B-1, p. 249, Wilkes Co., NC Deeds.) On 13 March 1806 he entered 150 acres of land on the North Fork of New River adjoining his existing land. This land was surveyed March 12, 1806 and granted to Michael Stoker, 27 Nov 1806. (Grant #629, Ashe Co., NC, Sec'y of State's Office, Raleigh, NC.) The survey was signed by Jesse and Eli Cleveland and attested by Peter and Jacob Ellar (sic).
The family removed to Jackson Co., Ohio about 1814/15. It was here, probably, that the parents embraced the Mormon Faith. On 27 Oct 1836 he sold his property in Jackson Co., Ohio and followed the Mormon migration to Missouri. His wife Catherine, apparently was living near Nauvoo, Illinois in 1841 where she had herself baptized for her father Peter Eller, her grandparents on her mother's side, vis. Kinrod (Conrad) and Catherine Dick, her brother John Eller and her dau. Rebecca Stoker. (Nauvoo, Ill. Baptisms for the Dead, Mormon, at Gen. Soc. of Utah, Salt Lake City.)"
10. The following is detail on two of the several land transactions mentioned in the above separate note. I do have on file a copy of the publication "In and Out of Frederick Town, Colonial Occupations," by Amy Lee Huffman Reed and Marie LaForge Burns (copy on file with the Frederick Historical Society in Frederick, Maryland). It has a plat map of Frederick Town showing the lots noted in these transactions. These lots are in the center of modern day Frederick on the south side of Second Street . Lot 82 is the corner lot adjoining Market Street and lot 80 is the third lot from the same corner heading west along Second Street. (about a block away from the Historical Society Building). Quote from "Frederick County Maryland Land Records, Liber L Abstracts, 1767-1770, With Supersedeas Abstracts to 1773," abstracted by Patricia Abelard Andersen, Montgomery Village, MD, June 1999 (Land Records from Microfilm CR 37,512 of the Maryland State Archives); Historical Society of Frederick County, Inc., Frederick, MD:
"473-474. Michael Stoker, sadler, recorded 31 August 1768. Made 30 August 1768, between Henry Bruner of FC. For ₤120, lot in Frederick Town, #80, facing the street where the Presbyterian Church now stands, and to continue 60 ft. The said moiety or one half part of the lot, paying rents to Daniel Dulaney. Signed in GS, Henrich Bruner. Recipt. Henry Bruner ack. deed and Magdalena his wife released dower. AF paid."
474-475. Michael Stoker, sadler, recorded 31 August 1768, made 30 August between Henry Bruner farmer, for ₤25, lot $83 in Frederick town Signed in GS before Wm Luckett, Ans Campbell. Receipt. Ack., dower release. AF paid." [Kerry's note: As noted in a separate note above, this deed was corrected on 24 Dec 1772 to read lot 82 rather than lot 83. (Deed Book P. p. 530.)
11. A. CARROLLTON MANOR: From the magazine "Western Maryland Genealogy," Vol. 5, Jul. 1989, No. 3, published quarterly by Catoctin Press, 709 East Main St., Middletown, MD 21769, has the following article by George Ely Russell, C.G., F.A.S.G., F.N.G.S.: "Carrollton Manor Rolls, 1771 and 1777": "The Papers of Charles Carroll of Carrollton contain many documents pertaining to the management of leases on his manor called Carrollton in the Monocacy River valley of Frederick County. This 10,000-acre tract, also known as Carroll's Manor, was surveyed for the children of Charles Carroll 'the Settler' in 1723... [The tract] was approximately bounded on the east by the Monocacy River, north by Ballenger Creek, west by Tuscarora Creek, and south by Potomac River. The main road (now called Buckeysown Pike) from Frederick-Town southward to Noland's Ferry passed through the entire length of the manor. The headquarters for this estate was the manor house called Tuscarora, which is still standing... Carroll rented out farmsteads generally of 50, 100, 150, or 200 acres under seven-year renewable leases which required tenants to clear the land and make improvements. Rents were collected annually on 29 September, with payments being made in sterling, currency, or tobacco... Rent rolls are extant for 1771 and 1777... Supplementing these documents is Carroll's detailed Ledger 'MT' for the period 1767-1784. The ledger contains debit and credit records for each tenant..."
The following name appears with the names added on the 1777 Rent Roll: "Michael Stoaker, 100 [acres]." His account is also listed on page 75 of the MT Ledger.
The article references several documents including the following ones specific to Stoker:
1. Maryland Historical Society, microfilm reels 4191-4217 at Maryland State Archives. A letterpress edition of the selected papers is being prepared, according to Mrs. Eleanor S. Darcy, Assistant Editor, The Papers of Charles Carroll of Carrollton, Department of History, The University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-7312.
2. MS 219, box 5, items 3353 (1771 roll) and 3395 (1777 roll).
3. William J. Grove, "History of Carrollton Manor, Frederick County, Maryland," (Frederick: Marken & Bielfeld, Inc., 1928).
4. MS 211, item 4386 (Ledger "MT"), item 4385 (Index). Ledger "T" for the period prior to 1767 is not extant.
B. BIOGRAPHY of Charles CARROLL: As a sidenote of interest, I add the following note about the owner of the Manor who was one of the signers of the 1776 Declaration of Independence. Some biography of Charles Carroll from the National Park Service website <http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/declaration/bio5.htm>:
"As one of the wealthiest men in America, Charles Carroll III of Carrollton risked his fortune as well as his life when he joined the Revolutionaries. Possessing one of the most cultivated minds of any of the signers, he achieved remarkable success as planter, businessman, and politician. He was the only Roman Catholic signer, the last to survive, and the longest lived. Of Irish descent, Carroll was born in 1737 at his father's townhouse, Carroll Mansion in Annapolis. Jesuits educated him until he reached about 11 years of age. He then voyaged to Europe and studied the liberal arts and civil law at various schools and universities in Paris, elsewhere in France, and in London.
Carroll sailed home in 1765 at the age of 28, and built a home at Carrollton Manor, a 10,000-acre estate in Frederick County newly deeded to him by his father. At that time, he added "of Carrollton" to his name to distinguish himself from relatives of the same name. For most of his life, however, he preferred for his country residence the family ancestral home, Doughoregan Manor, in Howard County; when in Annapolis, he usually resided at his birthplace. For almost a decade after his return from Europe, barred from public life by his religion, he lived quietly. During that time, in 1768, he married. His offspring numbered seven, three of whom lived to maturity.
In 1773 Carroll became a champion of the patriots through his newspaper attacks on the Proprietary Governor. The latter was opposing reforms in officers' fees and stipends for Anglican clergy that the lower house of the legislature had proposed. From then on, Carroll took a prominent part in provincial affairs. In the years 1774-76 he supported nonimportation measures, attended the first Maryland Revolutionary convention, and served on local and provincial committees of correspondence and the council of safety. In 1776 he and his cousin John, a priest—chosen because of their religion and knowledge of French—traveled to Canada with Benjamin Franklin and Samuel Chase on a congressionally appointed committee that sought but failed to obtain a union of Canada with the Colonies.
Carroll and Chase arrived back in Philadelphia on June 11 that same year, the day after Congress had postponed the vote on Richard Henry Lee's independence resolution (June 7) until July 1. Maryland had refused to commit herself. Carroll and Chase rushed to Annapolis, recruited William Paca's aid, and conducted a whirlwind campaign that persuaded the provincial convention to pass a unanimous independence resolution. It reached Congress just in time to put the colony in the affirmative column on July 1, the day of the first vote. Three days later, Carroll himself became a Delegate and functioned in that capacity until 1778.
Two years before, Carroll had also been elected to the State senate, a seat he retained until just after the turn of the century. Along with fellow signers Chase and Paca, he was a member of the committee that in 1776 drafted Maryland's constitution. Elected to but not attending the Constitutional Convention of 1787, he nevertheless allied himself with the Federalists and helped bring about his State's ratification of the Constitution. In the years 1789-92, while also in the State senate, he served as a U.S. Senator, one of Maryland's first two.
Not reelected to the State senate in 1804, the 67-year-old Carroll retired from public life and concentrated on managing his landholdings, consisting of about 80,000 acres in Maryland, Pennsylvania, and New York, and his business interests. The latter included investments in the Patowmack (Potowmack) Company, which established a canal system in the Potomac and Shenandoah Valleys, and its successor the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company. Carroll was also. a member of the first board of directors of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
In his final years, revered by the Nation as the last surviving signer of the Declaration, Carroll spent most of his time at Doughoregan Manor. But he passed the winters in the home of his youngest daughter and her husband in Baltimore. There, in 1832, he died at the age of 95. His body was interred in the family chapel at Doughoregan Manor."
12. The book "Frederick County Maryland Land Records, Liber N Abstracts, 1770-1772," abstracted by Patricia Abelard Andersen, Damascus, Maryland, Jan 2003 from microfilm rolls CR 37,515 and 37,516 of the Maryland State Archives, copy of book in the Historical Society of Frederick Co,, MD, in Frederick, MD, p. 17: "90-91. Henry Brunner recorded 12 April 1770, made 24 March between Michael Stocker of Frederick Town, for ₤13 sells lot purchsed by the said Michael Stocker of Henry Brunner on east side of Brunner's house. Signed by Wm Blair, Thos Price. Receipt. Acknowledgement and Elizabeth Stocker released dower rights."
13. From the book "Our Stoker Family Histories 1731-1881," Vol. II, comp. and ed. by Elayne Stoker, 2004, printed by Stevenson's Genealogy Center, Provo, UT. [Note: spelling corrected by myself.] From an article entitled "A BRIEF HISTORY of SYLVANUS CYRUS & Catherine STOKER HULET":
"Catherine Stoker was a daughter of David Stoker and Barbara Graybill (Graybull). She was born July 29, 1829, at Bloomfield, Jackson County, Ohio. The Stoker's (Stocker's) originated from Switzerland and lived for one generation in Maryland and the next generation in North Carolina before moving to Missouri. Barbara Graybill may have been a full blood Cherokee Indian or may have had a white mother and a Cherokee father."
14. From the book "Our Stoker Family Histories 1731-1881," Vol. II, comp. and ed. by Elayne Stoker, 2004, printed by Stevenson's Genealogy Center, Provo, UT. From an article entitled: "Michael Stocker 1731-1819 with wives: Ana Barbara Romerin, Elisabeth Fah, and Mary (Anna Maria) Adams":
EDITOR'S NOTES: In the English translation of the Evangelical Lutheran Church records, located in Frederick, Maryland Historical Office, Stoker is some times spelled as Stocker. Where and when the letter "c" was dropped from the Stoker name seems to vary by individual descendant. It is known that Stocker was Anglicized to Stoker in numerous cases. Within the public records of Maryland the Stocker name has many different spellings. All of the variations are included in the story.
All legal records found in this research have the name 'Michael Stocker' on them. This was a common practice among the Germans to use their second names instead of their first. Only in later church records is found Michael's name listed as "Joh." Michael Stocker. It begins with the baptism record of his first son, from the marriage of his second wife. John is an English translation of Joh. which could also be short for Johannes. In the book "In Search of Your German Roots" written by Angus Baxter, 1991, he states: "In your search of records remember it was common in the middle 1700's in the Germanic areas to use only second baptismal name in official records in later life." I have found no legal records under the name of Joh Michael Stocker, therefore, I will address him as Michael within this story.
Some records have a difference in spelling for the last name of Ana Barbara: Romer and Romerin. In the German language "in" was added to females names. This is evidenced in the names of the sponsors for the children in the baptismal records of the children of Michael and Ana Barbara.
In the hand-written church record is the word "ledig" and "gbr." In the German language the world "ledig" means unmarried. According to James Hook the word "gbr" can mean born, but in this case other researchers believe it means November or February.
The following Stocker story will be given using a time line. This format is used for the writers convenience and also to make it easier for others to help further the Stoker/Stocker line to find and confirm the family history.
To set straight the biggest misconception: according to the data currently gathered on Michael Stoker, no one has found any written evidence linking him with parents or siblings. Some family researchers have Michael linked into the family of Michael Stocker (b. 1700 Switzerland) and Anna Margaret or to the Stockers from Pennsylvania. There is a lot of research on the family of Michael and Anna Margaret Stocker (from Pennsylvania) by their descendants and no one has been able to make connections to our Michael Stocker line. At the time of this printing I could not locate any positive proof linking Michael Stocker to these families. James Hook stated in his book George Eller and His Descendants that our "Michael Stocker is not related to the Michael Stoker who came across on the ship 'Brittania' and took his Oath of Allegiance on 21 Sept 1731."
Of the early life of Michael Stocker we have no records to date. It is known that he was born in 1731 and is of German Protestant descent. His birth year was determined by his age when he died. His birth country was found by use of his Oath of Allegiance record. As an adult he was listed on the land records of Frederick Maryland as a saddler by trade. In an interview with Charlotte (youngest daughter of his third wife) she states that:
"Michael was of German descent and came from Alsace/Lorraine area. He lived in Frederick County from 1735 to 1790" (Stimmel 1902).
If the year of 1735 is correct then Michael would have arrived in the 'English colonies' when he was four years old. He would undoubtably have come with some kind of family. The later date that Charlotte gives of 1790 is in error as Evangelical Lutheran Church communion records have Michael in Frederick, Maryland until 1805. It was Michael's son, Michael, who left Maryland for North Carolina about 1790. One other "Stocker" name is listed among the town's business files of Frederick in correlation with Michael Stocker. This will be discussed later.
Life in the Monocacy
One of the first villages in what would later become part of Frederick County, Maryland, was called "Monocasie" (Monocacy) located in what was then Prince George County. The Monocacy River provided a natural, north to south, inland trail, used heavily at first by the Indians. In 1718 Britain's Aurther Nelson was the first recorded land transaction in the Monocacy area. By 1720 European settlers began to settle here followed by the Quakers in 1725. The original settlement included a tavern, church, and a series of plantations. This type of settlement layout was a replica of the European homesteads in the old country.
As a provincial government for Prince George County became an influence, new settlements throughout the area were encouraged. In the History of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Frederick, Maryland by Professor Abdel Ross Wentz, he states that the town area of Frederick began its formal settlement around 1731. By 1750, the town of Monocacy and its neighboring communities became the link from the northern lands of Pennsylvania to the lands of the southern colonies. In response to this popularity the Maryland government felt the time had come to: "issue a proclamation of inducements to secure the colonization of their interior lands. This caused such a migration from the northern colonies and Pennsylvania across the lands of Maryland, that the Maryland government decided to induce these people to settle here" (Gordon 1975).
As there are few family journals from this time period, information has been gathered from general histories to understand what day to day life was like living during the early settlement period.
"The home life of these early German settlers, and indeed of most early settlers regardless of the land of origination, reflected the simple hardworking life that they had known in Europe. The sons worked in the fields, and the daughters helped with the house work. Since travel was difficult, most of the clothing and tools were hand made on the site. Clothing that wore out was converted into carpets or coverings. Linens and woolens were produced at home on the spinning wheel or the loom...
Community activities often came about because of the need to survive. Barn raising brought all of the neighbors together for a day of mutual aid, dinner, and dancing. Husking bees where the corn was harvested, quilting bees where quilts were made, and schnitzing bees where apples were sliced brought the neighborhood together. Gatherings just for the sake of a good-time were very rare indeed.
Books were also a rarity. A home library more than likely consisted of the Bible, hymnals, and the almanac. Bibles were handed down through the generations, and in them was recorded all of the important family records. The almanac was the watch and the calendar by which the early settler regulated his day. The log cabins were built without nails since none were available" (Ibid).
The log cabins had walls seven to eight feet in height with a split log roof held on with poles. The floor boards were made smooth with a broad ax. Chimneys were made with stone and clay. The clay was also used with small boards to chink between the log layers on the walls. These early pioneers could build a home in three days with the neighbors helping.
"Furniture too was hand made without the use of nails. Shelves were placed on pegs protruding from holes bored in the log walls... Tea and Coffee were very rare, and so milk or water sweetened with maple sugar provided the drink of the day. The meat was usually game hunted in the surrounding woods and mountains such as bear or deer. Hogs were raised, and provided pork and bacon when game became scarce. The grains raised on the farm supplied the flours for home-made breads, hominy, and mush.
Salt was the one food basic that the early settler could not provide from the land. Consequently a caravan would be formed to go to the coast to secure it. The bags in which the salt was to be kept were filled with feed for the horses, and were left along the way for the return trip. Cattle was driven ahead of the caravan. Upon reaching the coast salt was loaded at two bushels per horse, and the cost was generally a cow and calf per bushel. On the return trip, as the feed was emptied from the stored bags along the way, the salt was then placed in the bags" (Ibid).
Originally most houses were constructed of brick or limestone but were later replaced by log homes. The barns were often more imposing than the main houses indicating the importance of livestock and grain storage.
In the History of Frederick, Maryland during the American Revolutionary War era, it states that the general populace of the territory was not sympathetic with those who supported the British. The German people lived with a fierce belief in their freedoms. Most supported the resistance fighting against various taxes imposed by the British Crown. The town of Frederick was turned into a weapons arsenal complete with factories for making the weapons.
The Stocker family would have gone through several experiences as the English colonies grew and began to fight for their independence. In Michael's lifetime he would witness the French and Indian War, American Revolutionary War, and the War of 1812 along with many local Indian skirmishes.
The earliest church records for the area are listed under the name of the "Monocasie Church" (Monocacy). This church was a combination of three religious groups: German Reformed, Lutheran, and one called 'the Brethren' which was the Moravian sect (Glatflter 1980). Even though there are church records for the early Monocacy settlement, to this day its actual location has not been truly defined.
The Evangelical Lutheran Church, in which is found most of the records of Michael Stocker, was officially founded in 1738. The town of Frederick, in Frederick County, Maryland was officially surveyed in September of 1745. By this time there were over 2,000 inhabitants associated with the town and surrounding countryside, and most of the people were the German colonists.
"In 1746 the Moravian sect of the German Reformed and Lutheran split off from the Monocasie Church. This was the beginning of the fractionalization of the religious segments of the settlement" (Ibid).
Important Note: All of the original Evangelical Lutheran Church record was originally in German mixed with some Latin. Parts of it have been copied on to microfilm by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and is available for anyone to study. A complete copy is found in the Maryland State Archives on microfilm. This record has been translated by Frederick S. Weiser, James Hook, William Hinke, and E.W. Reinecke. In comparing the four records each has small differences in dates and names from the original record. The translations work by Frederick S. Weiser has been most commonly used.
[PICTURE pg. 134: "Artist conception of the first house in Frederick, Md. Built by John Thomas Schley at the corner of East Patrick St. and Middle Alley (1746). A Text Book History of Frederick County by Paul & Rita Gordon."]
[PICTURE pg. 136: "The Evangelical Lutheran Church in Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland today. What remains of the cemetery is located behind the church. Most of the cemetery was built over by additions to the church and the headstones are gone."]
Ana Barbara Romerin
Note: At the time of this writing I have not looked into Ana Barbara's records for verification of her last name. The records I have seen do not list a last name for her. The marriage record would vendicate this but I have yet to refind it among the church records. For the time being I will use the information as I currently have it.
Michael's first official record found, to date, is that of his marriage on July of 1757 to Ana Barbara Romerin in Frederick, Frederick Co., Maryland, as recorded by the Evangelical Lutheran Church. Ana was the daughter of Michael Romer (Roemer) and Charlotta Amalia Hartwich. Her father was from Buerkenau, Germany. His obituary listed in the church record states that he immigrated to America in 1738. (There are conflicting records on his immigration date.) In the History of Carrollton Manor it states that "tradition says that Michael Romer married Catherine Kemp." However, it is recorded within Charlotta's burial record of the Evangelical Church that she was the wife of Michael Romer. I have, at this time, not researched the Evangelical Church Records for more details on his family. It is unclear if the marriage of Michael and Charlotta was in Germany or in the United States. I have found no church records for a marriage to Catherine Kemp.
Researchers Take Note
In relationship to the birth dates and number of children Michael and Ana had there is much confusion. I believe most of this has stemmed from the differences of the translations and then the descendants propagating the same mistakes throughout the year. I have tried to verify the different translations with the original hand written records available to me. For researchers working through the Family History Centers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints the only translation records available was made by Frederick Weiser and Ja