Thomas Adair1777 - 1858 (80 years)
Name Thomas Adair Born 25 Oct 1771/1777 , Laurens, South Carolina, United States Gender Male Died 1858 , , Mississippi, United States Person ID I1843 Petersen-de Lanskoy Last Modified 28 Sep 2015
Father Joseph Adair, b. Abt 1750, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory, United States , d. Aft 5 Feb 1804, of, Laurens, South Carolina, United States (Age ~ 54 years) Mother Sarah, b. Abt 1750, d. Abt 1844, , , , United States (Age ~ 94 years) Married Bef 1770 of, Laurens, South Carolina, United States Family ID F993 Group Sheet
Family Rebecca Brown, b. 3 Nov 1784, , Laurens, South Carolina, United States , d. 20 Dec 1846, Mount Pisgah, Union, Iowa, United States (Age 62 years) Married Abt 1803 of Laurens, South Carolina, United States Children + 1. Margaret Ann Adair, b. 7 Feb 1804, , Laurens, South Carolina, United States , d. 10 Feb 1852, Manti, Sanpete, Utah, United States (Age 48 years) + 2. Samuel Jefferson Adair, b. 28 Mar 1806, , Laurens, South Carolina, United States , d. 6 Jul 1889, Nutrioso, Apache, Arizona, United States (Age 83 years) + 3. Fairby or Theuby or Pherreba or Phoebe or Theriby Adair, b. 1809, , Tennessee, United States , d. 1836, of, Pickens, Alabama, United States (Age 27 years) + 4. Eliza Jane Adair, b. 11 Nov 1811, Nashville, Davidson, Tennessee, United States , d. 16 Aug 1892, Washington, Washington, Utah, United States (Age 80 years) 5. Sophia Adair, b. Abt 1812, of, , Tennessee, United States , d. Bef 28 Feb 1877 (Age ~ 65 years) + 6. Thomas Jefferson Adair, b. 31 May 1814, , , Indiana, United States , d. 19 Sep 1890, Show Low, Apache, Arizona, United States (Age 76 years) + 7. Sarah or Sally Ada Adair, b. 27 Dec 1815, , , Tennessee, United States , d. 5 Jul 1852, near Loup River Ford, Platte, Nebraska, United States (Age 36 years) 8. George Washington Adair, b. 18 Mar 1818, West Carthage, Smith, Tennessee, United States , d. 28 Aug 1897, Orderville, Kane, Utah, United States (Age 79 years) + 9. John Wesley Adair, b. 18 Feb 1820, , Greene, Alabama, United States , d. 5 May 1903, Nutrioso, Apache, Arizona, United States (Age 83 years) + 10. Mary Ann Adair, b. 5 Jul 1822, , Pickens, Alabama, United States , d. 5 May 1892, Georgetown, Kane, Utah, United States (Age 69 years) 11. Laney Ann Adair, b. 2 Jul 1824, , Tuscaloosa, Alabama, United States , d. 29 Jun 1881/1882, , Johnson, Texas, United States (Age 57 years) Last Modified 22 Oct 2015 Family ID F769 Group Sheet
1830 US: Pickens Co., Alabama, pages 111-112. The first three related families are all on the same page, the next four related families are on the next page, and James Adair (with son Joseph) is on p. 129:
Thos. Peeks, males 0-5:1; 5-10:1; 20-30:1; females 0-5:1; 5-10:1; 10-15:1; 30-40:1.
John Mangum, males 5-10:1; 10-15:2; 15-20:1; 60-70:1; females 0-5:1; 5-10:1; 10-15:1; 30-40:1.
Cyrus Mangum, males 20-30:1; females 0-5:1; 15-20:1.
Saml. Carson, males 20-30:1; females 20-30:1; 80-90:1.
Saml. Adair, males 20-30:1; females 20-30:1.
Thos. Adair, males 5-10:1; 10-15:1; 15-20:1; 50-60:1; females 0-5:1; 5-10:1; 10-15:1; 40-50:1.
Daniel Clark (next door), males 0-5:1; 30-40:1; females 0-5:1; 20-30:1.
James Adair, males 0-5:2; 15-20:1; 20-30:2 (Joseph b. 1806); 60-70:1; females 15-20:1; 20-30:2; 60-7-:1; no slaves.
2. Many report middle name of Jefferson; however, I have not seen it in contemporaneous records. I do not use it since I believe later descendants added it based upon his son Thomas Jefferson Adair, Jr. who I believe was Thomas Jr. in regards to his father but not necessarily the other way around as Thomas Jefferson Adair, Sr. On one deed in Laurens County, his signature appears as Thomas A. Adair. Also the American statesman Thomas Jefferson was not as famous ca. 1771 as he would be after the Revolutionary War - so the odds of Thomas having the middle name of Jefferson at the time of his birth ca. 1771 would be minimal. Several of his children had LDS Patriarchal Blessings in Iowa and Utah in which they all stated that there parents were Thomas and Rebecca Adair without any middle initial or name.
3. From Don and Carolyn Smith, one part of three writings of Samuel Newton Adair. [As to source, Carolyn referred me to Becky Hamblin [email@example.com] to try to locate the original of this; Becky in turn believes Collins Chapman in Mesa may have it since Collins' mother is the granddaughter who hand wrote it for Samuel]: "Luna, New Mexico, January 22, 1920. I, Samuel Newton Adair, will write what I know about my father's folks. My grandfather on father's side was named Thomas Adair. He married Rebecca Brown. He lived at Lawrence [Laurens] County, South Carolina in 1806. My father was the oldest son of Samuel Jefferson Adair. Thomas Adair was the next oldest son. George Adair was next oldest son. John Wesley Adair was the youngest son and went with the Mormon Battalion in 1846. The girls names were Eliza Adair Price, Sally Adair Mangum, died on the plains in 1852. Mary Ann Adair Mangum married John Mangum."
4. From the book "The Howard Leytham Stoker Von Dollen Family Histories," FHL 929.273 H833a, by Doris Lewis, 2017 So. 80th Ave., Omaha, Nebraska, 68124, p. 5, the following general remark is made which may or may not generally apply to the Adairs: "National origins from the 1790 US Census: English 60%, Scotch Irish 9.5%, and German 8.6%. [Accompanying map shows Scotch-Irish in the frontier portion or western portions of the states of SC, NC, and VA with a smattering in northern GA and southwestern PA. The Germans are concentrated in southcentral PA, western MD, northwestern VA, and with a smattering in central SC and NY. The English are generally coastal.] The Scotch-Irish were used in the old country and again in the new, as 'borderers'. They were fighting families sent out to hold a frontier against aliens. In 1641, 120,000 Scots had been planted in Ulster [Ireland]. In the 1750's, 12,000 came yearly to America, and by 1770, that number grew to 25,000 to 30,000. They were the hardiest and boldest of all immigrants. In 1764, 1000 Scotch-Irish wagons passed through Salisbury, South Carolina, on the way to the mountains."
5. Matthew Brown left Laurens, SC., was in Ohio then on to Shelby County, Indiana. George Washington Adair, child of Rebecca Brown and Thomas Adair, was born in Indiana (but no county ever mentioned that I am aware of). Could Matthew being in Shelby County have drawn Rebecca and Thomas there. Just a thought to look into.
6. The following information is from an uncited typescript but is typical generally of most undocumented LDS versions of the early family of Thomas Adair who married Rebecca Brown. Many other statements within this typescript have proven to be inaccurate. It is often repeated over and over never with documentation or sources. It is a fact that Joseph and Sarah Adair were the parents of Thomas who married Rebecca, but that is all so far. Until proven otherwise, my opinion of specific p problems include:
a. No one knows exactly when and from where Joseph immigrated. The name Adair is certainly Scotch-Irish. Death dates and locations of Joseph and Sarah are unknown thus far in my research and the dates of about 1820 and 1845 respectively appear speculative until proven otherwise.
b. No to date knows the maiden surname of Sarah, wife of Joseph, nor where she was born.
c. No one knows the names of any of the children of Joseph/Sarah except the eldest son Thomas, which is from a land deed in Laurens Co., SC. The 1790 census suggest there may have been more than five children. The birth dates on all but Thomas appear to perhaps be contrived or assumed.
d. There is not one record that shows Thomas had a middle name of Jefferson; however, he did have a son named Thomas Jefferson Adair and since he was Thomas Jr., I suspect many have assumed his father had the same middle name. That would be speculative and is definitely unproven.
e. Thomas being born in Charleston, South Carolina is suspicious. His parents, James Adair the cooper and his wife Eleanor, are definitely in Laurens County, SC. When Thomas' son Samuel Jefferson Adair was baptized vicariously for his deceased father in 1877 in the LDS temple, he indicated his father was born 25 Oct 1777 in Lawrence [Laurens] District, South Carolina. Another son of Thomas, George Washington Adair, in doing the LDS endowment for Thomas later that year, noted his father as being born in N. Charleston, SC, but gave no date. In early South Carolina history, Charleston was the location where all legal activity up to the 1780s for South Carolina occurred and most upcountry geographical areas were vague and immense extensions of coastal county names. There is always the possibility that Joseph's service in the Rev. War took him to Charleston where there were battles and that his wife came with him, but there is no such proof of such war service except in the more local area of Laurens Co., South Carolina.
f. For Thomas Adair's birthdate, most every LDS database uses 25 Oct 1771, but I haven't seen documentation that I accept. His son as noted in item e above, states 25 Oct 1777, which may or may not be correct.
The quotation: "1st Generation. Joseph Adair.
"Joseph Adair was born about 1745. He was from Scotland, but lived in South Carolina after coming to the new world. His wife's name was Sarah (Lowe or Long), born about 1750 and was also of South Carolina. They were married about 1769/70, and they lived first in Charleston County, near Charleston, S.C., later moving to now Laurens County, S.C. Joseph was buried in 1820, and his wife Sarah, died about 1844. Issue of Joseph and Sarah (Lowe/Long) Adair:
1. Thomas Jefferson Adair, born Oct. 25, 1771 in Charleston County, near Charleston, S.C.
2. Joseph Adair, Jr., born about 1773 in Laurens, Co., S.C.
3. Sarah (or Sally) Adair, born about 1777 in Laurens Co., S.C.
4. Jenny Adair, born about 1777 in Laurens Co., S.C.
5. Suffiah Adair, born about 1779 in Laurens Co., S.C."
7. Jett Hanna [firstname.lastname@example.org] provided me on 8 Jul 2005 with a copy of his analysis of the Brownlee manuscript as follows. It mirrors my own understanding; however, anything with which I disagree I note in [brackets]. Jett entitles his paper as "Laurens County Area Adair Family Trees." It is broken down by three families: James Adair who married Eleanor, his brother Joseph who married Sarah Laferty, and a William of whom absolutely nothing is known except just his name on the Williams Petition and that Brownlee notes he died 1780-84 and that his estate was administered 1784 per Abbe Wills, p. 10. Text quoted as follows:
"This tree is based on Early Adairs of Laurens County, South Carolina, by Mildred Brownlee. This was provided to me by W. Lee Adair, who obtained it from the Laurens County Public Library. Handwritten notes show a date of 1990 on Brownlee's manuscript. I have not examined these deeds personally. In some cases, notes and questions below are my own additions. This analysis seems to discredit some of the trees in the Adair History and Genealogy, and adds significantly to what is know of the Laurens area Adairs. I have not fully finished analyzing this work, and may have left out parts that are not as critical to my work.
"Based on this work, it appears very possible that the elder Joseph Adair (m. Sarah, m. Susannah) and his brother James (m. Eleanor) settled in Laurens County at the same time, as suggested by the Adair History and Genealogy. I do not believe, however, that this James was the author of the book on the Indians and reputed patriarch of the Cherokee Adairs. This James was a cooper (barrel maker) according to the deeds. Modern editions of the History of the American Indians suggest that the author James Adair was a direct immigrant to South Carolina, but with no concrete evidence.
"The Williams Petition: In the tree, LCW is Laurens County Wills; LCD is Laurens County Deeds. Also mentioned is the Williams petition. This petition is a significant document in analyzing the Laurens County Adairs. Published in the South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, Vol. XV, No. 1 1987, p. 32-33, the original is #5767, Manuscript Department, Wm. Perkins Library at Duke University. The petition is in support of Colonel James Williams, a militia leader of the Patriots in the Laurens area (Little River Regiment). The petition, signed by members of the Little River Regiment, is directed to the Governor of South Carolina and the Privy Counsel, and attests to Williams' devotion to the Patriot cause. Williams led militia in a number of battles. I suspect that this petition was provided prior to Williams' elevation to the rank of Brigadier General following the Battle of Musgrove Mill, which was fought in what is now Laurens County. Williams had been accused of puffing his role in the battle. Williams went on to die at Kings Mountain - one of the few Patriot casualties that day on October 7, 1780. Williams had run for the South Carolina legislature as a Patriot in 1778, only to lose to Robert Cunningham, the infamous Loyalist leader. For more on Williams, see Draper, "Kings Mountain and Its Heroes," (Cincinnati, 1883). Signers of the Williams petition include the following Adairs: Isaac Adair, Jms. Adair, James Adair, Sr., Joseph Adair, Jr., Joseph Adair, Benjamin Adair, Joseph Adair, Sr., James Adair, Jr, son of James, William Adair, John Adair, and John Adair, Sr., and Alexander Adair. Comparing deed and will records to the names, Brownlee identifies the Adair signers [copies Brownlee's explanations]. Brownlee's identifications look very logical to me.
"The Laurens County Adair Tree:
1. James Adair m. Eleanor: 150a land grant to James Adair-same date as Joseph 250a. Both referred to in records as coopers (barrel makers). James, cooper in LCD F/8,9,10, A/185. Eleanor released right of dower on deed dated 2/12/1796; date of transfer by James was 2/24/1784. Which deeds correspond with which dates? See Joseph below. Eleanor was also witness on deed from William Price and wife, Margaret to James Adair, son of James, 2/6/1792.
1.1 Joseph Adair m. Sarah Dillard [Surname Dillard is a Jett addition and I don't believe proven even though many LDS lines use this as well without documentation.]: Joseph Adair, Jr. to Wm. Holland, 120 ac. Release of dower by Sarah, wife of Joseph Jr., and Eleanor, widow of James Adair, dec'd, LCD F/109. Suggests land owned by James m. to Eleanor, but how does it correspond to land grants? If land belonged to Joseph junior by intestacy laws, why wasn't James m. to Hannah on deed, too? LCD G/570 has dower release for Sarah Adair, wife of Joseph.
1.1.1 Thomas Adair m. Rebecca Brown: LCD H/22, Joseph Adair of Duncan Creek to eldest son Thomas Adair. Witness Jane Adair. Dower releases for Rebecca in LCD H/129, H/209, and land purchased H/228.
1.1.2 ?Hannah m. John Jones: see F/8,9,10. 8 & 9: 8/1/1795. 10: 2/25/1784. F/10 is deed from James Sr. and wife Eleanor to John Jones, has witnesses James Adair, saddler, and James Adair, Jr. [Without giving a reason, Jett places Hannah as a possible daughter of Joseph, son of James; however, Brownlee indicates she believes her to be a daughter of the original James and Eleanor which would make her a sister to Joseph son of James. Perhaps a typo on Jett's part.]
1.2 James Adair m. Hannah: Corresponds to James son of James in the Williams petition per Brownlee. James m. Rebecca had a son James, but probably not old enough to sign petition as James m. Rebecca born 1747 per Indiana tombstone. Petition 1780 would mean James m. Rebecca was 33 in 1780; doubtful his son James could be of fighting age. Compare to Adair compilation. LCD M/77-78 reports death of James Adair, Sr., widow Hannah. Hannah Adair's will LCW F/65, proven 1826. James 115(2) 1790 Census. 2 daughters not accounted for. James Jr. was under 16 according to this census.
1.2.1 Elizabeth m. James? Parlmore (Palmer): LCD M/77-78.
1.2.2 Mary m. John Prather: LCD M/77-78.
184.108.40.206 Susannah Prather (Prater?): Witness on will of Hannah LCW F/65.
220.127.116.11 Hannah Prather m. Joseph Dollar
18.104.22.168 Linny m. William Prather
22.214.171.124 Archibald m, Susannah Meadors
126.96.36.199 Martha Prather
188.8.131.52 Betsy/Priscilla Prather m. Daniel Owens
184.108.40.206 James Prather
220.127.116.11 Mary (Molly) Prather
18.104.22.168 Bryce Prather
22.214.171.124 Elinor Prather
1.2.3 Nelly (Eleanor) m. Ramage: LCD M/77-78, LCW F/65.
126.96.36.199 Benjamin Ramage
188.8.131.52 John Jewell Ramage
184.108.40.206 Washington Ramage
1.2.4 James Adair Jr.: LCD M/77-78, LCW F/65.
1.2.5 Hannah m. Rueben Meadors: LCD M/77-78, LCW F/65.
1.2.6 Susannah m. William Cassels (Castles): LCD M/77-78, LCW F/65.
1.2.7 Nancy m. Willis Langston: LCD M/77-78, LCW F/65.
1.2.8 Martha m. Wm. Gamble: LCD M/77-78.
220.127.116.11 Patsey Gamble: LCW F/65."
8. Kerry Petersen made the following transcription 23 Oct. 2005 from a typescript photocopy in his possession. The author, Miriam Bergetta Adair, was born 2 May 1887 and died 30 Nov 1969 both in Glendale, Kane, Utah. She married Joseph Willard Covington 23 Nov 1904. She was an early and generally accurate researcher of the Adair lines. She traces her line back through William Wallace Adair, then George Washington Adair, and then to Thomas Adair, the subject of this biography. Due to many more records available now then in her time, there are many errors, which I will endeavor to point out with [bracketed] notes. The biography:
"History of my great grandfather Thomas A. Adair," by Miriam Bergetta Adair Covington gleaned from tradition and research.
Thomas A. Adair was born 25 October 1771 [or possibly 1774] in North Charleston, known as the 96th District, which afterward became Laurens County. The District of Charleston at that time extended west and north to the highlands of South Carolina as far as the 96th District. [From the best of my knowledge, 96th District was established prior to 1771 and neither it nor the current Laurens County area were considered "North Charleston." His birth was more likely in Duncan Creek area of the current Laurens County.]
Little is known of the Childhood and youth of Thomas, or of his parentage. He was the son of Joseph Adare [sic] who lived in Laurens County, South Carolina in 1745, according to family tradition, and Sarah ___ of whom we know nothing. [Joseph's birth was circa 1745, but the Adairs did not move into the area from presumably Pennsylvania before the 1760s.] We do know that he was of Scotch [or Irish] parentage. Family tradition would indicate that he was born in Scotland [or Ireland].
[The following paragraphs about our Adair connection to Europe, Thomas Adair being the father of three sons - James, Joseph, and William - and James Robin Adair, the Indian trader and writer, are merely undocumented speculations. It is generally thought that Joseph and James Adair, both coopers, who were our first documented progenitors in America, were brothers; however, their father's name is unknown as is their arrival in America. Joseph can be placed in Pennsylvania and Delaware prior to migrating to Duncan Creek in South Carolina.]
In 1608 William Adair, the son of Ninian Adair and Elizabeth Gordon, fell heir to the estate of Kinhilt, Portree and Stranrawer in the County of Wigton, Scotland. He exchanged with Sir Hugh Montgomery of Ireland his land called "Dunsky" for "Balleymena" in Antrim County, Ireland. William Adair married (1) 18 April 1689, Rosina McClellen; after her death he married (2) Miss Houston of Castle Stewart; at her death he married Helen Cathcart of Carlston.
If seems that William must have remained in Wigtonshire because the descendants of his last wife are found there; while the descendants of #(1) Rosina McClelland and #(2) Miss Houston, are found in Ireland.
It is from this (2) wife, Miss Houston, that we have the Thomas Adair family of Pennsylvania and Laurens County, South Carolina. They came to Chester County Pennsylvania about 1733, and to Laurens County about 1750. Thomas had three sons: James Robin Adair, born about 1709; Joseph Adair, born about 1711; and William Adair, born about 1713.
James has become quite a noted figure in history. It was of him that the beautiful ballad, "Robin Adair," was written by Caroline Keapel, whom he later married. In South Carolina he was a trader among the Indian Nations for about forty years, and has written the most authoritative history of the American Indian in circulation.
Speaking seven different languages and especially versed in the Hebrew language and history, he gives convincing proof that the American Indians are of Hebrew origin, and have followed Hebrew practices in worship, and in their ideals of life. His book sells for $125.00 per copy.
He married first an Indian maiden and left offspring in Oklahoma and Missouri. He was Surgeon on the staff of King George III before coming to America. Later he was a Surgeon in General Francis Marion's Army in the Revolution. He married (2)___ in Robson County, North Carolina and left three daughters all prominent citizens in that community. He signed his will 1 September 1778. His influence with the King of England enabled him to buy up large tracts of land in Northwestern South Carolina, which was very cheap, and on which he invited his people form Pennsylvania to come and live and improve. Thus we find about 1855 many Adairs in this locality.
Here Thomas grew up no doubt as any other normal Child; but with the spirit of the Viking was in his blood as it was in all the Adair family. Romance and adventure have accompanied this name though out its history, so Thomas was no exception. [Speculation only and not documented.]
He no doubt made many scouting trips over the western prairies [better choice of words would be "west of South Carolina"]. In 1802 we find him with his brother-in-law George Brown and William Brown and John Brown in Georgia and Mississippi. [He had no Brown brothers-in-law by these names and it is unclear if this was our same Thomas Adair or not.]
Am 375 Vol. 5 p. 172 Sec. 4 Petition to Congress by citizens of the Mississippi Territory, 25 Aug 1802-Among the signers was Thomas Adair. November 14, 1808 was George, John and William Brown.
We find Thomas and Joseph Adair in Anderson County, Tennessee as early as 1802 and as late as 1809 where he was overseer of roads, and acted on the Jury on a number of Sessions from 1802-1804.
F Tenn A 1 p. 47-57 this Item-Ordered that Joseph Adair be admitted defendant instead of Henry Retis, tenant in possession; he having given bond and security as the law requires, on condition that he confess lease, entry and ouster, and rely on his title only. This sounds as if Joseph had property there for lease.
Thomas married about 1804, Rebecca Brown, daughter of Rodger Brown and Nancy _____, commonly called Molly [wife's name now appears instead to be Jeaney]. Rebecca was born 3 November 1784. (Rodger Brown Bible Laurens, South Carolina).
Thomas seems to have remained in Laurens County, South Carolina for the next few years. Here his first child was born on the 7th of February 1805 whom they called Margaret. [No documentation for 1805 date. Margaret says she was born 1807/1808 in her Nauvoo Temple endowment and sealing making her not the firstborn.] On the 23rd of March, 1804 he received a gift deed from his father Joseph Adair of 40 acres of land on Duncan Creek, Laurens District, witnessed by Roger Brown and Jane Adair. This Roger was Rebecca's brother [Rebecca's half brother had not yet been born at this date, so this would be Rebecca's father Roger].
Jane Adair was the daughter of Thomas Erskin Adair. (I do not know where he fits in the family.) In this gift Joseph says, "In consideration for the love and good will, I bear to my eldest son, Thomas Adair, etc." This was no doubt a wedding gift to Thomas from his father. [There is no evidence of a Thomas Erskin Adair in the area of such an age that he would have had a daughter old enough to witness legal deeds in 1804. There is a Jane Jones age 48, who married John Adair who was the son of Joseph, the son of the original Joseph Adair the cooper, who could be a strong possibility.]
The first [or possibly third] child Margaret, married on 10 February 1820, William Richey in Alabama. The second child was a boy and they named him Samuel Jefferson, as it was during the administration of Thomas Jefferson as President of the United States. He was born 28 March 1806 in Laurens County, South Carolina. He married 3 December 1829 to Jemima Mangum, and later married (2) Anna Catherine Mattison, (3) Rachel Hunter [and others]. He died 6 July 1889 in Arizona.
The third child was a girl whom they called Ferreby born about 1808, who married Daniel Clark. [Also known as Fairby, Phoebe, Theriby, Theuby, etc. and probably born 1805; she was married and between 20 and 30 in age in the 1830 census with two children under the age of 5. She may have been the oldest child and Margaret the third.]
From the year of 1804 to 1808 many of the citizens of 96 District were becoming restless desiring to move father west. Evidently there were many inducements for obtaining land for farms with squatter's rights. Many of the Adair family were among this group.
Thomas sells his 40 acres to Jesse Wilkensen 17 September 1806. Signed Thomas A. Adair. [Incorrect: he signs with the initials "T.A."
Thomas sells 51 acres to George Ross, 5 March 1807. Rebecca Adair relinquishes.
Joseph Adair sells 70 acres to John Ross, 7 March 1805, Sarah Adair relinquishes.
John Franks sells land and Judy Brown Franks relinquishes 1804 and 6 February 1809.
George Brown sells 150 acres to Edward Winn, 17 December 1805. And many others. There were many other members of the Adair family who followed.
It seems that Thomas and his company went as far as Anderson County, Tennessee where they remained for a time. We find Thomas in Anderson County in 1810. Among others who were in this company of scouts was John Brown, Reuben Brown, Thomas Hart and Isaac Lowe. [Is this speculation or documented? I do not recognize any of the names in the scout company.]
We next find the family in Nashville, Tennessee where their fourth child was born, Eliza Jane born 11 November 1810, who married (1) Samuel Carson, (2) John Price, and (3) Mr. Price. She died 6 August 1892. [I show 1811 in Smith Co., Tennessee.]
The fifth child Sophia was born in Nashville about 1812. [I show 1810 in Laurens Co., SC.]
Then they were on the move again. This time to Indiana, where their sixth Child, Thomas Jefferson, was born 31 May 1814. He married (1) Frances Rogers, (2) Mary Vance. He died 17 September 1890 in St. Johns, Arizona.
Our next reference to Thomas is in Lincoln County, Tennessee, where Sarah Ada Adair was born 27 December 1815. She married William Magnum. She died 3 July 1852 in Loop Fork, Platt[e] River, Nebraska.
The eighth child was born in Lincoln County, Tennessee 18 March 1818, whom they named George Washington. He married 6 May 1846 Miriam Billingsley and secondly on 9 December 1880, Mrs. Johannah Freestone Bennett. [I show Smith County, Tennessee.]
We find Thomas next in Smith County, Tennessee where he was deeded a tract of land in Smith County by Joseph Allison, 10 May 1820 (F Tenn A5 1 pt. 1 p. 129). Witnessed by his brother-in-law Thomas Allison and William Parker, and ordered to be recorded. This deal may not have gone through because his next child was born in Pickens County, Alabama.
The ninth child was John Wesley, born 18 February 1820 in Pickens County, Alabama. He married (1) Harriet Williams and (2) Rebecca Mangum. He died 5 March 1903 in Arizona. [He was born in Greene County, Alabama.]
Mary Ann was the tenth child born on 5 July 1822 in Pickens, Pickens County, Alabama. She married John Mangum, Jr. [Should be just Pickens County, Alabama.]
Lany Ann, the eleventh Child, was born about 1824 and was sealed to Joseph Mangum. She died and was buried at Mr. Pisgah.
[FHL] 976.185-42c "The History of Pickens County, Alabama," [by James F. Clanahan, 1962, p. 12] showing the boundaries of Pickens County by Act of December 19, 1820 shows the early settlers of Pickens County, Alabama. Among them are Thomas Adair and William Adair. [Unsure of relationship of William to Thomas if any. The typescript "Records of Pickens County, Alabama," vol. 1, by Mrs. C. P. McGuire, Sr. and the Birmingham Genealogical Society, FHL book 976.185 N2 notes on page 9 that Thomas Adair and William Adair are "names of men in the circuit court about 1824 in Pickens Co., Alabama. No other Adairs are mentioned. It is probably from Clanahan's book that Mrs. McGuire gleaned this information. The nature of the court docket is not given.]
Alabama 7 Vol 3 -Sketch of William Irvin Adair, lawyer, son of William and Mary Irvin Adair, nephew of Governor John Adair of Kentucky, and grandson of William and Mary Moore Adair, who were natives of Scotland and who emigrated from Belfast, Ireland in 1736, settled in Chester County, South Carolina and later returned to Scotland. He served in the War of 1812 as Captain of the Kentucky 17th Infantry. He was a lawyer, and was in the legislature in 1822-23. He Speaker in the House November 1832 and was elected to the Circuit Bench and held it until 1835, when he died in Madison County, Alabama. He married Miss Johns and left descendants. [John Adair and his relatives of Kentucky descend from a different line of Adairs not related to ours.]
F Tenn M 7 Maury County, Tennessee 1811-1821. Here we find Thomas Adair. Here also Thomas Hart who left Laurens County, South Carolina and accompanied the Adairs to the west died and a division of the Estate took place thus - John, Thomas, Henry Clay Hart, guardians of Eleanor, Louise, John, Jr. and Thomas, Jr., minors of Thomas, Jr. and Henry Clay Hart. [I can find no Hart relations with Thomas Adair.]
Here they met the Mangums and Cherries who became part of the family by marriage.
Here also we find James Brown and Nancy his wife, Henry Clay and Lucretia his wife; James Shelly and Polly, his wife, George Ross and Eliza, his wife. Daniel Brown, Henry Brown, Dr. Jennings, Josiah Harrell - most of whom left South Carolina about the same time the Adairs left. [None of these names appear related to Thomas Adair.]
The 1830 and 1840 census report gives the number in the family and their approximated ages of the Thomas Adair family in Pickens, Alabama and Pontoc, Mississippi. [I see no Adairs listed in the 1840 census for Pontotoc County.]
In 1844-45 most of the Thomas Adair family were converted and baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints by James Ritchey [Richey] in Mississippi where they had recently moved. They migrated to Nauvoo to be with the body of the Saints. Thomas himself however did not join, and remained behind in Mississippi where he died in 1856 [or possibly 1858]. We have been unable to find the exact date or place of his death and burial.
Rebecca and eight of the children left Nauvoo with the Brigham Young Company. She and one child died and are buried at Mt. Pisgah. One daughter died on her way later at the Platte River, Nebraska. Joseph, the father of Thomas died somewhere along the line and Sarah died in Alabama in 1844-45."
9. From the book "Annals of Northwest Alabama" including a reprint of Nelson F. Smith's "History of Pickens County, Ala.," pp. 18-19, mentions the following names in conjunction with the earliest settlers as listed in the Circuit Court dockets. He also notes that the earliest settler in the area was 1817.
A. Lewis, Theopholus, and Daniel Clark.
B. Thomas and William Adair.
For original quote see FHL 976.185 H2s "History of Pickens County, Ala.," by Nelson F. Smith, 1856, reprinted 1980 by the Pickens County Historical Society.
10. The following is a small excerpt of a larger listing (see Samuel Newton Adair's notes for full transcription), which was received in digital form from Don and Caroline Smith, 2003. Regardless of the title - "Family Records of Samuel Newton Adair" - I am not sure if this is really a transcript of records kept by Samuel Newton Adair or not. Some death dates given for some of the individuals are after the date Samuel Newton Adair himself died. I spoke in person with Collins Chapman of Mesa, Arizona, in Feb. of 2006. He did not recognize it. Collins' family is the source of most of the biographical information on Samuel and Collin's mother was responsible for the autobiography of Samuel Newton Adair who dictated it to her. The following came to me as an addendum to a typed copy of that autobiography; however, I have now seen a portion of the original handwritten dictation and find no such attachment. The following therefore has no documented source that I can find thus far and should be used with caution:
[A.] "Father: Thomas Adair; Mother: Rebeca Brown; Children:
Samuel Jefferson Adair
George Washington Adair
Mary Ann Adair
John Wesley Adair
[B.] "Thomas Adair – Married Rebeca Brown:
Samuel Jefferson Adair - Born at Lawrence Co., South Carolina, March 28, 1806. Baptized by Elder John Dowdle, Nov. 27, 1845. Confirmed by Elder John Dowdle, Nov. 30, 1845. Ordained an Elder by Daniel Thomas, a High Priest by John Young in 1855. Married Jamima Mangum. Filled a mission to Southern Utah in 1857. Migrated Mississippi to Nauvoo, Illinois on Jan. 10, 1846. Died at Nutrioso, Apache County, Arizona, July 6, 1889.
Fairby Adair - married Daniel Clark
Margaret Adair - married William Richey
Eliza Adair - married John Price
Sally Adair - married William Mangum. Died of cholera on the Plains in 1852.
Thomas Adair - married Fanny Rogers. Died at Showlow, Navajo County, Arizona.
George Washington Adair - married Miriam Billingsley. Died at Orderville, Utah.
Mary Ann Adair - born at Pickens co., Alabama, July 5, 1824. Baptized by James Richey, 1844. Confirmed by Daniel Thomas in 1844. Married John Mangum. Endowed at Endowment House, Salt Lake City. Died of asthma at Pahreah, Utah.
John Wesley Adair - born in 1820. Died at Nutrioso, Apache County, Arizona. Was a member of the Mormon Battalion.
Laney Adair - married John Winn."
11. Deeds. Photocopies on file:
A. Laurens Co., SC, Deed Book H, page 22:
"Duncan's Cr. Joseph Adair to Thomas Adair, Deed of Gift 40 acres land, certified 23 March 1804. State of South Carolina, Know all men by these presents that I Joseph Adair of Dunkins Creek in Laurens District and in the State aforesaid for and in consideration of the Love and Good will I bear to my edest [eldest] son Thomas Adair, of the State aforesaid have given and granted and by these presents do give and grant to the said Thomas Adair, all that plantation or tract of land containing forty acres more or less beginning at a post oak corner joining J. D. Kern's land thence nearly E. to a like wood corner joining Soo.[?] Kern's land thence to a little hickory corner on Margret Montgomary's land and thence nearly west to a popler [poplar] to the south side of the Branch on my land thence nearly west inclining south to a black Jack joining myself and Soo. Kern's land thence along said Kern's land to the beginning corner together with all and singular the rights members hereditaments and appertainances to the said premises belonging or in any wise incident or appertaining. To have and to hold all and singular the premises before mentioned to the said Thomas Adair his heirs and assigns forever and I do hereby bind myself my heirs and executors and administrators to warrant and forever defend all and singular the said premises unto the said Thomas Adair, his heirs and assigns against myself and my heirs and against every person whomsoever lawfully claiming or to claim the same or any part thereof witness my had and seal this 5th day of February in the year of our Lord 1804. Joseph Adair. LS. Witness[es] present. Roger Brown. Jane Adair (her mark).
State of South Carolina, Laurens District. Personally appeared Roger Brown before me Starling Tucker and made oath that he was present and saw the within named Joseph Adair sign and deliver the within deeds to the within mentioned Thomas Adair for the purpose within mentioned and seen the other assigning witness to the within at the same time assign the same sworn to and subscribed before me this 19th day of March 1804 Starling Tucker, J.P. Roger Brown."
[Roger Brown is father-in-law to Thomas Adair; Rebecca's half brother Roger had not yet been born and could not have been the witness as many report. Not sure as to relationship of Jane Adair; however, there is a Jane Jones age 48, who married John Adair who was the son of Joseph, the son of the original Joseph Adair the cooper, who could be a strong possibility as a legal witness.
B. Laurens Co., SC, Deed Book H, page 129:
"Thomas Adair to Jesse Wilkerson. Deed 40 acres. Certified 14th February 1806. State of South Carolina, Laurens District. Know all men by the presents that I Thomas Adair of District above mentioned for and in consideration of the sum of eighty dollars to me paid by Jesse Wilkerson of said State and District have granted bargained & sold and by these presents do grant bargain and sell unto the said Jesse Wilkerson all that plantation or tract of land containing forty acres more or less beginning at a post oak corner joining J.D. Kern's land thence nearly E. to a litewood corner joining said Kern's land thence to a little Hicory corner on Alexander Pillsens and thence nearly W. to a poplar on the south side of the branch on Did. George Piper land thence nearly W. inclining south to a black Jack joining said Pepers and said Kerns and thence along said Kerns land to the beginning corner together with all and singular the rights members hereditaments and appertannances to the said premises belonging or in any wise incident or appertaining. To have and to hold all and singular the premises before mentioned unto the said Jesse Wilkerson his heirs and assigns forever and I do hereby bind my self my heirs executors and administrators to warrant and forever defend all and singular the said premises unto the said Jesse Wilkerson his heirs and assigns against my self and my heirs and against every person whomsoever lawfully claiming or to otain the same or and part thereof. Witness my hand and seal this 17th September in the year of our Lord Eighteen hundred & five, and American Independence the thirtieth. Signed sealed and delivered in the presence of: Thomas Cargill Va., Turner Richardson. Thomas Adair (his mark). Sealed. [Note his mark is a capitalized A and a capitalized crossed T.]
State of Carolina, Laurens District. I J. A. Elmore one of the Justices of the Quorum do hereby certify unto all whom it may concern that Rebecah Adair the wife of the within named Thomas Adair did this day appear before me and upon being privately and separately examined by me did declare that she was fully voluntarily and without any compultion dread or fear of any person or persons whomsoever renounce release and forever relinquish unto the within name Jesse Wilkerson his heirs and assigns all her interest and estate and also all her right and claim of dower of in or to all and singular the premises within mentioned and released given under my hand and seal this 17th of September anno Domini Eighteen hundred & five, J.A. Elmore, J.Q. Rebecah Adair (her mark)."
C. Laurens Co., SC, Deed Book H, page 209:
"South Carolina. Know all men by these presents that I, Thomas Adair of Laurens District and State Aforesaid for and in consideration of the sum of Seventy five dollars to me in hand paid by George Ross of the same place, have granted bargained sold and released; and by these presents do grant bargain sell and release unto the said George Ross, all that parcel or tract of land containing fifty one acres more or less situate lying and being in Laurens District on the waters of Duncan's Creek and including a part of Warrior's Creek. The marks, shapes, and soundings of which are represented in the annexed platt. Together with all and singular the rights, hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining to have and to hold all and singular the premises above mentioned unto the said George Ross is heirs and assigns forever and I do hereby bind myself, my heirs, executors and administrators unto the said George Ross, his heirs and assigns, against myself and my heirs, and against every person and persons lawfully claiming or to claim the same or any part thereof to warrant and forever defend the same. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this thirteenth day of October, Anno Domini, Eighteen hundred & six. Signed sealed and delivered in the presence of J.A. Elmore, M.L. Haynie. Thomas Adair (his mark). [Mark is in shape a capitol T.]
South Carolina. I, John A. Elmore one of the Justices of the quorum for Laurens District do hereby certify unto all whom it may forwith concern that, Rebecca Adair, the wife of the within mentioned Thomas Adair, did this day appear before me and upon being privately and separately examined by me did declare that she does fully voluntarily and with any concpuittion dread or fear of any person or persons whomsoever renounce release and forever relinquish unto the within named George Ross, his heirs and assigns all her interest and estate and also all her right and claim of dower of in or to all and singular the premises within mentioned and released. Given under my hand and seal this 30th day of October 1806. J. A. Elmore J.Q. Rebecca Adair (her mark)." [Note: Using the website terraserver.microsoft.com, a topo map and aerial photo of Thomas Adair's land in Lauren's County, SC is available. I believe that this is the only place, which can meet the description of Thomas and Rebecca Brown Adair's deed of 30 Oct 1806 to George Ross in the Laurens Co. Deed Book H, p. 209. The description in the deed says: "51 acres more or less situate lying and being in Laurens District on the waters of Duncan's Creek and including a part of Warrior's Creek." Specifically, looking at the attached topo map, you can see the headwaters of Duncan's Creek which makes a three prong fork with only the most further left branch named currently Duncan's. I believe all three branches are however the "waters" of Duncan Creek. Just above the left fork going north, you cross a road and there are two ponds or springs in blue. Following the light blue trace from these ponds lead north into a larger creek which is one branch of the headwaters of Warrior's Creek which in turn leads away from Duncan's Creek. This topo map than would be the closest of any portion of these two creeks coming together. To put 51 acres into perspective, imagine a ¼ mile by ¼ mile, which equals 40 acres. There is a mileage scale on the bottom of the topo map. In the photo you can see the left branch of Duncan's creek as the dark woods just north of the large warehouse building. Crossing the road north of the warehouse are several modern houses. You can also make out the the triangular pond of the headwaters of Warrior Creek. The coordinates are longitude -82.00946 and latitude 34.56798. On a normal atlas, follow highway 221 leaving north of the town of Laurens. The photo is on the west side of that road just before it enters the small town of Ora. The topo map is at <http://www.topozone.com/map.asp?z=17&n=3825944.00008603&e=407263.999999836&datum=nad83> . The aerial photo and alternate topo map can be seen at <http://terraserver-usa.com/image.aspx?T=1&S=11&X=1018&Y=9563&Z=17&W=3> .]
12. From website <<http://www.softcom.net/users/paulandsteph/tjadair/descendants.html>: "Written by his son, William Wallas Adair, April 1940 (edited by Calvin Andrus and contributed by Ben Parkinson): A pioneer of 1847, George Washington Adair was born March 18, 1818 at West Carthage, Lincoln County, Tennessee. His father, Thomas Jefferson Adair, was born 25 October 1771 in North Charleston, Lawrence County [note: no such county, prob. Charleston Co.], South Carolina. His Mother was Rebecca Brown born 3 November 1776, Nashville, Davidson Co., Tennessee. George's family moved considerable during his childhood as they lived in Indiana, Tennessee and Alabama during the next seventeen years..." [See notes for son George Washington Adair for quote which is very detailed and good.]
13. Typescript "Early Adairs of Laurens County, South Carolina." Compiled by Mildred Brownlee; Source Records: Wills; Intestate Estates; Deeds; Court Records; Cemetery Inscriptions. Some dates of birth and death obtained from Lineage Charts. Dates of birth and death subject to correction. Spelling of names subject to correction. [Note that bracketed comments are later additions by other reviewers including myself - Kerry Petersen.]
"No further data has been located in Laurens Co. records as to names of the other children of Joseph and Sarah Adair.
Census figures indicate a family of 8 children born before 1800. 5 sons and 3 daughters. Of these 8 children, we have proof of one eldest son, Thomas Adair, whose birthdate from lineage chart is given an 25 Oct. 1771. Judging by census, the probable year of birth is 1774 rather than 1771.
Deed Bk. H. P. 22 - 5 Feb. 1804. Joseph Adair of Duncan Creek to eldest son, Thomas Adair, 40 a. adj. J. D. Kern. Margaret Montgomery, and said Joseph Adair. Wit: Roger Brown, Jane (X) her mark) Adair.
Thomas Adair, by chart, married Rebecca Brown. Proof that the name of his wife was Rebecca comes from two sources:
Deed Bk. H. p. 129 - 17 Sept. 1805. Thomas Adair to Jesse Walkerton, a. adj. J. D. Kern, Alexander Fillson, & Dr. George Ross. Wit: John Cargill(Va.), Turner Richardson. Thomas (X his mark) Adair. Dower release by Rebecca (X her mark) Adair.
Deed Bk. H, p. 209 - 30 Oct. 1806, Thomas Adair to George Ross 51 a.. on Duncan Creek & Warrior Creek. (Evidently the land he purchased from Alexander Mills on 28 Sept. 1805. (Bk. H. p. 228). Wit: John Hunter, John Fowler. Thomas (X his mark) Adair Dower release by Rebecca (X her mark) Adair.
Again by chart: Thomas and Rebecca Adair had a daughter, Margaret, b. in Laurens Co., 7 Feb. 1805, married in Ala., Wm. Richey.
In the event that Thomas Adair's wife was Rebecca Brown, daughter of Roger Brown, her date of birth was 3 Nov. 1784.
Neither Joseph Adair and wife, Sarah, nor their son, Thomas Adair and wife, Rebecca, appear on Laurens Co. census of 1810."
14. "A Sketch of the Life of Thomas Jefferson Adair. [Son of Thomas Adair and Rebecca Brown.]
Editor's note: this history was obtained in draft form from Mrs. Thomas Ira (Aunt Thora) Adair. No effort has been made to correct the spelling or punctuation in the process of converting it to the computer word processor.
'I Thomas Adair son of Thomas and Rebecca Adair was born in the State of Indiana in May 31, 1814. My father moved from there to Tennessie and from there Alabama, Tuscalousa County. I lived in Tuscalousa and Pickens and Green Countys Alabama until I was 23 years old. At the age of 17 years old my father left my mother. I then had the charge of the family. I entered me a piece of land three and a half miles from the county cite on Pickens County, Alabama. I remained on that farm 6 years and cleared 50 acres of heavy timbered land during that six years I volunteered to go to Florida to fight the Semanole Indians, February 1835 and was gone 3 months. I returned home the 17 day of May 1835. The Captain I served under in that campaign was by the name of Joseph.' (This is an exact copy from a page of Thomas J. Adair's journal - we only have one page. Hyrum L. Adams has the original, it also states:) 'They moved back and fourth never living more than two years in one place till he left my mother which was in the year 1931. We never had a correct account of him till 1856 he was in the State of Mississippi, he was then crazy.'
While in the army his thought turned to religion and soon after leaving the army, he joined the Methidist, where he was soon placed as leader of singing. This position he fulfilled well until he heard the Mormon missionarys. He and his family were soon converted to Mormonism and were baptized members of the L.D.S. Church.
In the mean time he had married Francis Rogers and were having their family of five children: Mary Ann born in 1837, James B. 1839, Emma B. 1841. They were all born in Pickins County Alabama.
His joining the Latter Day Saint Church made the Methodist leaders very angery. They tried to persuade him to come back to their church and when he refused they came with tare and feathers as was a common practice in those days. He got his old youger and double barreled shot gun and told them to come on. He was a very good shot and they knew it. The mob stayed day but did not come and get him. He soon left that place and he and his family joined the main body of the Mormon Church and moved to Navue Illinois. They were in the company of Saints that was fed by guails. He with his family went to Mt. Pisga and were there when the auful sickness came to them. He lost his wife and 2 children, also his mother lost her life there and many of the families were left in the cemitary at that place..."
15. Typescript "Early Adairs of Laurens County, South Carolina. Compiled by Mildred Brownlee; Source Records: Wills; Intestate Estates; Deeds; Court Records; Cemetery Inscriptions. Some dates of birth and death obtained from Lineage Charts. Dates of birth and death subject to correction. Spelling of names subject to correction." [Note that bracketed comments are later additions by other reviewers including myself - Kerry Petersen.]:
A. "James Adair, Sr. left no will in Laurens Co. No estate papers have been located in Laurens Co. Eleanor Adair left no will or estate papers in Laurens Co. Data from Laurens Co. deeds indicate that a son of James and Eleanor was Joseph Adair.
Deed Bk. F, p. 109 - 12 Feb. 1796, Joseph Adair, Jr. to Wm. Holland, 120 a. on a small branch of Duncan Creek. N on John McCreary now John A. Elmore, SW by John Adair now Benj. Adair, S by me, a grant of 2 Oct, 1786; the other plantation of 100 a. purchased from Samuel Ewing 16 Dec. 1778, part of 150 a. grant to Samuel Ewing 30 Sept. 1774, Joining the above tract. Joseph Adair, Jr.*
Wit: B.H. Saxon, JA Elmore, Basil Holland
Release of dower: Sarah Adair, wife of Joseph Adair, Jr.; Eleanor (x) Adair. Widow of James Adair, dec'd.
(*Joseph Adair called "Jr." to distinguish from Joseph Adair, son of Joseph Adair, cooper, who was at that time called Joseph Adair, "Sr.", after the death of his father in 1789.)
Deed Bk, G, p. 570 - 7 Jan. 1803, Joseph Adair, planter, to John Daniel Kern of Charleston, merchant, 86 a. on N side of Duncan Creek, adj. said J. D. Kern. N 10, W 40, S 30, etc., on Joseph Adair line, S 80, E ??, etc. on Mistres ?Musgrove (seems error for "Mistress Montgomery"). Joseph Adair
Wit: Thomas Martin, Tailor; William Dabbage
Release of Dower: Sarah Adair, wife of Joseph Adair, Jr.; Eleanor (x) Adair, widow of James Adair, dec'd.
Joseph Adair appears on the census of 1790 thus. Joseph Adair: 1 (male over 16), 3 (males under 16), 3 (females), no slaves. Joseph Adair in 1800: 31101 11101 - no slaves.
Joseph Adair. b. 1755 or before.
Wife Sarah, b. 1755 or before.
m) b. 1774-1783 - Eldest son Thomas
m) b. 1784-1790
m) b. 1790-1800
No further data has been located in Laurens Co. records as to names of the other children of Joseph and Sarah Adair.
Census figures indicate a family of 8 children born before 1800 - 5 sons and 3 daughters. Of these 8 children, we have proof of one eldest son, Thomas Adair, whose birthdate from lineage chart is given an 25 Oct. 1771. Judging by census, the probable year of birth is 1774 rather than 1771.
Deed Bk. H. P. 22 - 5 Feb. 1804. Joseph Adair of Duncan Creek to eldest son, Thomas Adair, 40 a. adj. J. D. Kern. Margaret Montgomery, and said Joseph Adair. Wit: Roger Brown, Jane (X) her mark) Adair."
16. FHL book 976.185 H2p "Pickens County Alabama, History and Families," by Rose Publishing Co., P.O. Box 806, Humboldt, TN 38343, 1998, p. 102, has references to some of our family as indicated by an asterisk [*} that I have added with comments that follow. The church is between Carrolton and Pickensville:
"Big Creek Church.
A group of early settlers came together and requested a church be organized in this area between Carrollton and Pickensville in order to have a place to worship. Rev. Silas Dobbs and Rev. Charles Stewart met with the group to establish rules and regulations to constitute a Baptist church. They agreed to meet once per month, on Saturday, to transact all church business and on Sunday for a day of worship.
The founding members were Notley Gilmore, John Mangum*, Charles W. Nalls, Samual Adair*, Robert McVey, Mathew Gilmore, Mary Jane Jones, Anna Hiespeth, Rebecca Mangum*, Jermiah Mangum*, Nancy Huggins*, Alcey Johnson, Rebecca Adair* and Pheobe Clark*. They were declared a regular number of members of the church and entitled to all privileges of the gospel church and its to be known as Big Creek Church on January 10, 1829.
The building was a wood frame with wood shutters. There was no way to heat the church during cold weather. Many times services were not held because of the cold weather and heavy rains.
Membership grew rapidly for many years until the Baptist church was organized in Carrollton, and other churches in the areas close by. Both black and white members worshiped together through the late 1860s. The church was divided by a partition in half for the black members to worship with their own pastor until they were able to build their own place of worship.
As time passed, the church membership grew...
The membership became smaller and smaller. The members were moving away and going to other churches. The final church record was on December 1891...
The church was located on Highway 86 West about six miles from Carrollton, Alabama. There is not a building there, but the church cemetery is on the right of the highway, very overgrown and unkept, tombstones falling down and scattered. Many of Pickens County early pioneers are buried there."
*My comments as to relatives:
John Mangum - the Patriot, 1763-1843.
Samual Adair - Samuel Jefferson Adair, 1806-1889. Samuel marries John Mangum's daughter Jemima.
Rebecca Mangum - most likely John Mangum's wife Rebecca Canida, 1785-1847.
Jermiah Mangum - no idea who this may be; there is no known Jeremiah Mangum to date in the family. May be a bad transcription for Jemima Mangum, but there are none known with this surname at the time since John Mangum's dau. Jemima had married Samuel Jefferson Adair many years before.
Nancy Huggins - John Mangum's daughter Nancy, 1794-1877, who married Austin Hudgens.
Rebecca Adair - most likely Rebecca Brown, 1784-1846, who married Thomas Adair and was mother to Samuel and Phoebe on this list.
Phoebe Clark - Samuel Jefferson Adair's sister, Fairby, 1809-1836, who married Daniel Clark.
Photos of the Big Creek Missionary Baptist Church are found in another book, FHL 976.185 H2h "The Heritage of Pickens County, Alabama," by Heritage Publishing Consultants, Inc., PO Box 67, Clanton, AL 35046, 1999, pp. 58-59. The church existed until 1931 and some time after 1942 the old church either fell down or was torn down. Burial date from the early 1830s to 1934.
FHL book 976.185 V3p "Pickens County, Alabama Cemetery Records 1983," by the Pickens County Genealogical Society, 1984, lists the burials in "Big Creek Cemetery". None with the surnames of the above are shown here except for "Frank F. Hudgins, Co. D. 41st Al. Inf, CSA (no dates)." Frank was most likely Austin and Nancy Hudgen's son.
17. LDS Family History Library book 976.185H2j "Early Settlers of Pickens County, Alabama," by James Dolphus Johnson, Jr, 1992, is a very helpful analysis of land holdings in the said county. It locates the associated families of Adair, Mangum, and Richey in close proximity to each other. The book provides an alphabetical listing of each land holder and the grant date, location, and size of their land holding, its location. This township is typical at 6 miles by 6 miles with each section being 640 acres or one square mile. There are a total of 36 sections arranged in a grid of 6 x 6 with number 1 being the top right with the count going right to left than dropping down one row and going left to right and so forth with no. 36 being the bottom right corner. I rearrange the following listing by survey township so that the associations can be seen in the various families:
A. Township 20, Range 15. The bottom center of this township incorporates the north part of the settlement of Carrollton. We also find "Hebron Church" in the township's center (sect. 16). On modern maps, Highway 35 travelling north of Carrollton rough splits this township east and west.
a. Samuel Adair has two properties. This is Samuel Jefferson Adair who goes to Utah:
i. S9 (Section 9), 9/30/1836, 40 acres (SE corner of SW 1/4 section).
ii. S15, 1/31/1836, 40 acres (SW corner of SW 1/4 section).
b. Joseph Adair has two properties adjoining each other. He is just north of Samuel Adair's first listed property and just west of James Adair's property. Joseph is Samuel Adair's cousin who also goes to Utah. James is most likely Joseph's father who does not go to Utah. Note also he also owns two other properties outside of this Township -- one with his father James and one individually (see B(a) and D(a):
i. S4, 11/21/1836, 40 acres (SE corner of SW section 1/4).
ii. S9, 9/26/1836, 40 acres (NW corner of NW section 1/4).
c. James Adair has two properties adjoining each other. He is just just east of Joseph Adair's property. James is most likely Joseph's father and he does not go to Utah with Joseph. Note also he also owns two other properties outside of this Township -- one with his son Joseph and one individually (see B(a) and C(a):
i. S3 and S4, 11/1/1837, 40 acres each adjoining each other (S3: SW corner of SW section 1/4; S4: SE corner of SE section 1/4).
d. Thomas Adair has one property which adjoins the separate property of Furley Clark and R.(Rebecca?) Adair who are his daughter and wife. Thomas and Furley do not go to Utah, but Rebecca does:
i. S20, 11/10/1835, 40 acres (SW corner of NE 1/4 section).
e. Furley Clark and R. Adair. This would be daughter and mother: Fairby or Pherrely Adair who married Daniel Clark and Rebecca (Brown) Adair, wife of Thomas Adair. The land adjoins Thomas Adair. Rebecca goes to Utah but "Furley" does not:
i S20, 11/28/1834, 160 acres (SW 1/4).
f. John Mangum. His family goes to Utah but he does not. This would be John Mangum "the Patriot." He is just south of Samuel Adair's land in S15. His land directly adjoins that of son William Mangum, son Cyrus Mangum, and son-in-law Austin Hudgins (marries Nancy Mangum). He is just northwest of land of another son-in-law Thomas Peeks (marries Elizabeth Mangum):
i. S22, 9/23/1834, 80 acres (N half of SW 1/4 section).
g. William Mangum, the oldest son John Mangum (the "Patriot") from his third marriage. William marries Sally/Sarah Adair and moves to Utah. His land adjoins the land of his father, his brother Cyrus, and of his bro.-in-law Austin Hudgins. Both pieces of his land adjoin each other. Note also he also owns another property outside of this Township (see E(a)):
i. S21, 7/1/1835, 40 acres (both this and the next piece form the S half of SW 1/4 section).
ii. S21, 2/20/1836, 40 acres.
iii. S22, 10/23/1834, 80 acres (W half of NW 1/4 section).
iv. Note that no date is given but he also is granted 80 in S14 of a separate township (T24, R3).
h. Cyrus Mangum, son of John Mangum (the "Patriot") from his second marriage. Cyrus does not go to Utah and he and his family are found in the 1850 US Census remaining in this same area; however, he eventually moves to Moulton, Lavaca, Texas where he dies. His land adjoins land of his father, his brother William, and of his bro.-in-law Thomas Peeks:
i. S22, 1/25/1836, 80 acres (W half of SE 1/4 section).
ii. S27, 2/27/1830, 80 acres (E half of NE 1/4 section).
i. Thomas Peeks, son-in-law of John Mangum (the "Patriot") and husband of Elizabeth Mangum, John's dau. from his first marriage. Thomas does not come to Utah and he remains in this area for the rest of his life. He is found here in the 1850 census and his wife alone in the 1860 census. His land adjoins bros.-in-law Austin Hudgins and Cyrus Mangum:
i. S27, 11/19/1835, 80 acres (I am unsure in which order the three parcels fit into the map; however, all the land is found in two spots on the map: 40 acres SW corner of SE 1/4 section and a L-shaped piece of 120 acres including W half of NE 1/4 and SE corner of NW 1/4).
ii. S27, 6/17/1836, 40 acres.
iii. S27, 9/4/1832, 40 acres.
iv. S21, 9/25/1844, 40 acres. (This is not land he owned but he acts as Trustee for Nancy E. Bryant, who does not appear related to him.)
j. Austin Hudgins, son-in-law to John Mangum (the "Patriot" and husband to Nancy Mangum, John's dau. from his first marriage). Austin and Nancy remain in the area for the rest of their lives and are found in the local censuses. He had several parcels of land all in close proximity to bros.-in-law Thomas Peeks, Cyrus Mangum, and William Mangum. Rather than trying to sort each parcel out on the map and aligning them to the following acquisitions (many of which added to existing land), I summarize his total holdings as follows: 160 acres NE 1/4 S28, 80 acres W half NW 1/4 S27, 80 acres W half SW 1/4 S27, 120 acres SE 1/4 S27 (SW corner of 40 acres in this 1/4 section owned by Thomas Peeks), 80 acres E half SW 1/4 S26, and 40 acres NE corner NE 1/4 S35:
i. S22 & 35, 2/20/1855, 120 acres. (Note author erroneously identifies this as Range 16, but maps show it correctly as Range 15.)
ii. S28, 2/20/1855, 80 acres.
iii. S26, 6/4/1832, 40 acres.
iv. S26, 2/25/1835, 40 acres.
v. S27, 2/27/1830, 80 acres.
vi. S27, 11/19/1835, 80 acres.
vii. S27, 8/3/1836, 40 acres.
viii. S27 & S28, 10/29/1836, 160 acres.
B. Township 19, Range 16. This township has the small town of Ethelsville at its center. Ethelsville is about 15 miles NW of Carrollton and closer to the Mississippi State line. We only find one family of interest as follows and this land is in addition to other land owned elsewhere:
a. Joseph and James Adair (joint owners). This is most likely Joseph and his father James. They both separately own land near Carrollton in Township 20, Range 15 (see A(b) and A(c) above). James also owns individually land in Township 21, Range 17 (see C(a) below) for which the date of grant is the same:
i. S34, 10/18/1834, 160 acres (NE 1/4).
C. Township 21, Range 17. This township has the small town of Pickensville on its Eastern boundary and the Mississippi State Line for its western boundary. Pickensville is about 11 miles W of Carrollton. The land borders the western shore of the modern lake Aliceville Lake. We only find one family of interest as follows and this land is in addition to other land owned elsewhere:
a. James Adair. This is most likely James, the father of Joseph. James also owns land near Carrollton in Township 20, Range 15 (see A(c) above) and Ethelsville in Township 19, Range 16 (see B(a) above):
i. S22, 10/18/1834, 80 acres (E half of NE 1/4). (Note this date is the same as the grant on the Ethelsville parcel.)
D. Township 22, Range 17. (The author identifies this Township erroneously as 20, but the land map confirms it as Township 22.) This township has the small town of Memphis, AL, on its center and the Mississippi State Line for its western boundary. Memphis is about 13 miles SW of Carrollton. The land borders the western shore of the modern lake Aliceville Lake. It is only about 5 miles south of Pickensville. We only find one family of interest as follows and this land is in addition to other land owned elsewhere:
a. Joseph Adair. This is most likely the son of James. Joseph also owns land near Carrollton in Township 20, Range 15 (see A(b) above) and Ethelsville in Township 19, Range 16 (see B(a) above):
i. S3, 10/18/1834, 80 acres (E half of SE 1/4). (Note this date is the same as the grant on the Ethelsville parcel.)
E. Township 24S, Range 3W. This township has the small village of Cochrane near its eastern boundary and the Mississippi State Line for its western boundary. It is about 18 miles southwest of Carrollton:
a. William Mangum. William is the son of John Mangum (the "Patriot"). This parcel is in addition to land William Mangum owned near Carrollton in Township 20, Range 15 (see A(g) above):
i. S14, no date, 80 acres (W half of NE 1/4).
F. Township 21 & 22, Range 16. Township 21 includes the eastern half of Pickensville on is western side. Township 22 would be the next township south of township 21. William Richey's property would be currently in Pickensville. Even though in the same county, the Richeys at this point of time were not in a township with any of the other associated families since they were about 8 miles away slightly southwest from the main grouping just north of Carrollton. William was of course married in 1820 to Margaret Adair, the daughter of Thomas and Rebecca (Brown) Adair. I do not include the physical locations of these parcels within the section in which they occur. The brother-in-law of William, Neal Tilletson who married Martha Richey, is also found in this county:
a. Robert Richey. Father of William, James, and David. Only William went to Utah along with Robert's wife Rebecca (Belton) who died on the trail to Utah:
i. S32 (TWP 21), 1/31/1825, 160 acres.
ii. S5 (TWP 22), 1/12/1825, 160 acres.
b. William Richey. He came to Utah:
i. S7 (TWP 21), 9/17/1833, 40 acres.
c. James Richey. He is found here in the 1850 Census with wife and two children:
i. S8 & S9 (TWP 21), 8/13/1833, 80 acres.
c. David Richey. He is found here in the 1850 Census with extensive family (Census entry may be misspelled as Didama Adair):
i. S7 (TWP 22), 12/31/1833, 40 acres.
G. Miscellaneous notes:
a. I looked for both Moses Pearson and any Carsons associated with the family and found no listings in this book.
b. There are other Adairs in Pickens County and they are listed in the book. They include Wyman (or Weyman) Adair with five parcels with date range of 1832-1834 in Township 20, Range 16, and in Township 21, Range 16. Also included is William Adair with one parcel dated in 1836 for Township 22, Range 14. These may be distant cousins of our Adairs, but not ones with which there is a documentary association at this time.
c. This study was undertaken with the goal of confirming the relationship of Joseph Ad